The study of the origin of words and the historical development of their meanings.

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Why is ございます used as it is? [duplicate]

So ございます is the humble form of あります, but I don't understand its use in "thank you" or "good morning"... Both of them (I think) have a verb, followed but ございます (おはよう/ありがとう), first why doesn't the first ...
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Different permutations of 気 [closed]

Lots of words/expressions/phrases use 気 in one way or another. For example 気をつけて, 気味, 気になる, 気がつく, 気がする, 天気 etc... Is there a reference somewhere for the seemingly more "interesting" phrases (like the ...
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What does 持った mean?

If context is needed, please consult this previous question. So, there's a bunch of verbs related to "持っ" but how can any of them evolve to 持った?