Language and vocabulary differences between specific regions of Japan.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

19
votes
4answers
3k views

What are the main differences between 京都弁(Kyoto-ben) and 大阪弁(Osaka-ben)

These two dialects will sound very similar to an untrained ear. Can anyone highlight the main differences between these two dialects?
17
votes
1answer
452 views

is there a difference between さみしい and さびしい?

Both mean "lonely" and appear to be valid readings for 寂しい. Is there a difference in nuance? Is this difference due to dialect?
15
votes
3answers
470 views

Can I end sentences with ん?

One friend of mine told me when she was living in Japan, she liked to end her sentences with ん (maybe instead of の). Examples: 明日学校にいくん? 明日学校に行かないと思う…風邪引いたん。 Actually I've never seen it! But my ...
14
votes
5answers
781 views

Except for pitch, what are the differences in pronunciation between Kansaiben and Tokyoben?

I have tried to ask people this type of question on many occasions and the answer is always the same, but people are notoriously bad at evaluating their own language, so I ask here: Apart for pitch, ...
12
votes
3answers
701 views

Are there any situations where かしら is considered appropriate/normal for males to use?

かしら is generally considered to be a question particle for use by females; are there any situations or dialects in which it is usable by males? I'm aware that historically, it was used by both male and ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Pronunciation of す in です and the end of ます verbs

I've always been curious about the pronunciation of the す in です and at the end of 〜ます verbs. Most commonly the "u" sound is inaudible, but sometimes by some people it's more pronounced, and some ...
12
votes
2answers
416 views

や in Kansai-ben when it is not だ

The following sentence occurs in The Legend of Zelda: ナンカ コウテ クレヤ (This would be なんか買うてくれや! and was famously translated as "Buy somethin', will ya!".) From the 買うて, it's obvious he's speaking ...
12
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the stereotypical characteristics of yakuza speech?

When people imitate yakuza speech, what are the major things they do to make it recognizable as such? If possible, how accurate is this compared to actual yakuza speech? I've seen mention elsewhere ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

わ usage at the end of sentences

What is the difference between the "わ" sentence ender used by women in general and the one that is used by both Males and females in the Kansai area? I've asked my Japanese co-workers about it ...
11
votes
2answers
249 views

苦労せん is the contracted form of what?

I'm translating a manga in which one character use a very slangy or contracted way of speaking while the others talk more standard-like. I've already encountered the stem+ん as a short form the ...
11
votes
2answers
308 views

Do any of the Japanese particles have different pronunciations in any dialects? Or extra or missing particles?

I was wondering whether the differences in Japanese vocabulary between the dialects extend even so far as particles. Are there dialects that pronounce any of the standard particles differently? ...
10
votes
2answers
515 views

Do people actually look down on you if you use a regional dialect as a Gaijin?

My brother got on a scholarship to go to university in Japan, he was given a year an half language training and then had to apply to Japanese universities. I suggested he study in Osaka as I'd ...
10
votes
2answers
398 views

What dialects use だべ?

I feel like I hear だべ all the time (through TV and on the streets of Yokohama where I live), but I'm wondering about it's origins and modern usage.
10
votes
1answer
224 views

How similar is the Japanese spoken in Taiwan to the Japanese spoken in Japan?

I've heard that Japanese is spoken by some Taiwanese people who were old enough to have lived during Japanese rule, along with some people who've learnt it for other reasons. For younger people, I've ...
10
votes
1answer
231 views

What is the meaning of: 「ばえていくけん」?

The complete phrase is: 「日本中で、ばえていくけん!」. With the けん at the end, I thought it might have been something from a Kyushu dialect, but the person who said this is from Tottori. The only part I'm really ...
9
votes
2answers
221 views

「ありがとうございや」 - Dialect? Train Station 言葉?

Today as I was transferring trains in Nagoya the station attendant was shouting repeatedly「ありがとうございや」. Doing a search on the internet revealed that this seems to be a shorted form of ありがとうございやした but I ...
9
votes
1answer
457 views

In which dialects have the sounds “ゐ” (wi) and “ゑ” (we) been preserved, and are their kana still occasionally seen?

In Nate Glenn's answer to bdonlan's qestion "Why were ゐ and ゑ eliminated?" he states: "Wi" and "we" are still in some dialects, but standard Japanese does not have those sounds. My question is ...
9
votes
2answers
191 views

Etymology of “よう” in “豆腐{とうふ}よう”

I found out there is a special kind of Okinawan tofu called 豆腐よう. According to EDIC/WWWJDIC it can also be written as "豆腐餻" and "唐芙蓉". "餻" seems to mean "cakes, pastry", but considering that this is ...
9
votes
1answer
417 views

Is accent position predictable for -i verbs in Osaka/Kansai?

Background While I'm not especially confident about the reliability of my sources (Wikipedia (0) (1) (2) and some guys' personal websites), and it's possible that I transcribed some of these wrong, ...
8
votes
2answers
278 views

Is verb ending ない shortened to ん?

Off the top of my head I remember hearing these sentences, which I assume are just shortenings: すみません, 分からん 絶対許さん! Along with these two I've seen in sentence examples: もう我慢できん ...
8
votes
2answers
227 views

How does the intonation of ありがとう vary between dialects?

I recall in my speaking/listening class last semester in Japan, when we were discussing proper intonation in the standard dialect, that the intonation of ありがとう varied rather widely between dialects ...
8
votes
1answer
297 views

What are the most prominent features of Yamagata-ben?

I'll be visiting Yamagata City soon and would like to ask: as an armchair linguist what features of the local dialect to look out for? what are some common words, phrases, pronunciation differences ...
8
votes
1answer
180 views

What is the origin of the theatrical intonation used by Tokyo Disneyland's cast members?

When I had the chance to go on a Jungle Cruise at Tokyo Disneyland, I noticed the skipper talked with sprinkles of prolonged vowels and uncommon rising and falling intonation patterns. Is this ...
8
votes
2answers
212 views

In Okinawan, what is the ン in ウチナーンチュ?

The Okinawan word for "Okinawa" is ウチナー, for "person" is チュ, and for "Okinawan" (person) is ウチナーンチュ. I'd like to know where this ン comes from between the part for "Okinawa" and the part for "person". ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How many dialects are commonly used today?

Which dialects would one normally encounter when visiting/living in Japan (in popular places like Tokyo, Kyoto and and so on) or reading something produced in Japan?
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Should I speak in the local dialect and/or accent of an area? [closed]

I'm planning to go to Tohoku for at least a week, and Lonely Planet, Wikitravel and TVTropes all mention that Tohoku-ben is a bit different from how Tokyoites would speak. TVTropes also mention that ...
6
votes
1answer
257 views

Mukashi-banashi. Do they borrow from other current dialects in addition to older Japanese?

At my schools 日本語クラブ, we studied a 昔話 (舌切り雀), which like most of the others I've read, had some nonstandard grammatical constructions. I've heard that many of these constructions are archaic forms ...
6
votes
1answer
998 views

the difference between じゃん (jan) and だろう/でしょう (darou/desho)

I would like to know what's the difference of じゃん and だろう/でしょう. the meaning I know it's similar, but when I should use each of them? Is it same to say: これはすごいじゃん! = これはすごいでしょう! = これはすごいだろう! ...
5
votes
1answer
269 views

Meaning of しやしま as sentence ender [closed]

Look at this conversation from Twitter. Do you know what dialect it is? shohei110h: やっとdead stock手に入りました(´ω`)田舎にはなかなか無くて東京で購入しやしま mao_sid: おれもど田舎だったから気持ちわかるなぁ。ありがとう。 The part I don't ...
4
votes
2answers
147 views

What is the meaning of やるやない?

あなたも なかなか やるやないの〜 Um... is this supposed to be a form of [positive verb] [negative verb] chaining together? What does it mean?
4
votes
2answers
161 views

Questions about 背負う

背負う is pronounced せおう, but many dictionaries also list a second pronunciation as しょう. I've never heard it pronounced as しょう in practice. In what situations does it have this pronunciation? Is ...
4
votes
2answers
795 views

What does やい mean? [closed]

Someone ended their sentence with やいな. What dialect is this? What does やい mean? I assume that な means the same thing as in standard Japanese? Update: the original sentence was 「もう出来あがり?仕事はやいな~」.
4
votes
1answer
214 views

Is おやすも from a dialect?

I recognize that it's another way of saying "good night," where does it come from?
4
votes
1answer
191 views

What is the implication when a girl refers to herself using “うち”? Is it meant to be more or less feminine? Neutral? Tomboyish?

I realize it is a kind of Kansai-ben but how does it compare to the other forms of "I" in terms of how they want to represent themselves?
4
votes
3answers
291 views

Is there a dialect where older men refer to themselves as あたし?

I remember reading that there is a dialect in which older men refer to themselves as あたし. It didn't have a feminine connotation, it may have even been a bit rough. I think I read it on Wikipedia, but ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Can I get a grammatical breakdown of “通りゃんせ”?

So, I recently learned that there's this song called 「通りゃんせ」, which I guess would be familiar to all of you who have lived in Japan. The grammatical form "通りゃんせ" (and later in the song, ...
4
votes
1answer
266 views

What is this colloquial / dialect form? 〜たるけんね

I'm still playing Final Fantasy VI, and I came across this bit of dialogue: マリアの頭にオモリ 落としたるけんね。 I understand it up to 落とし. Orthros is going to drop the weight on her head! I can't make ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Sites/ways helpful for learning internet/slang lingo? [closed]

As the title says- I'm wondering if anyone is aware of a website used for learning dialects and internet lingo?
3
votes
3answers
130 views

Usage and Impression of きない vs. こない

In Japanese class, we were always taught that the negative of 来{く}る is 来{こ}ない (not きない). In Japan, though, I've heard several native speakers use きない. I have two questions about きない. Who uses きない? ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

Is 「やってもた」 the same as 「やってしまった」? What is the grammatical rule behind this?

I have recently seen 「やってもた」 used in a Japanese conversation, I don't remember the context exactly, but it was something like: 久々にやってもた。 After asking my Japanese friend, it turns out to be some ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Is the term 舞妓 used in all of Japan, or only in certain dialects?

The English language article on geisha says Apprentice geisha are called maiko (舞子 or 舞妓), literally "dance child") or hangyoku (半玉), "half-jewel" (meaning that they are paid half of the wage ...
3
votes
1answer
385 views

~ろ・~ろも・思うて・~たった in 越後 dialect (新潟弁?)

At the start of this book the family are stated to be from 亀田町{かめだまち}, an area which is now part of 新潟市{にいがたし}, but it's also set historically (1919 at the start of the book). I'm presuming the ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Using と to mark a question

I've been working on listening practice again. This time, I'm watching the first episode of an anime series called スケッチブック 〜full color's〜. In the first episode, a certain character asks three ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

Potential form for godan verb: register's/dialectical differences?

According to all standard book and webpage I consulted, godan verb's potential form are produced by first changing to え (e) form, and then add in る (ru). But a native Japanese speaker (who is also ...
3
votes
1answer
355 views

超 vs めっちゃ + explanation [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Significance of the kanji 「茶」 in the set phrase 「滅茶滅茶 / 目茶目茶」 {めちゃめちゃ} So, in Kansai they use めっちゃ, and in Kanto 超. But what about the other parts of Japan? And from ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

ねん in the Kansai dialect

I've heard the ねん ending a lot in 関西弁 but I'm still struggling to find when it's used. Can you use it with all kinds and conjugations of verbs? I've heard ちゃうねん over and over, but if I try to use ねん ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Is there a special word in Okinawa for “cheers” / “乾杯{かんぱい}”?

Another traveller in my guesthouse in Naha thinks his local friends taught him a special local word for "cheers", that might sound like "kuri" or "kali". But the Okinawan owner of the guesthouse ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

The -jai sentence ending particle

I'm not sure if I'm just imagining things or if I remembered things wrong, but is there some kind of colloquial dialect where sentences end in "-jai?"
2
votes
1answer
309 views

What does にゃ mean at the end of a sentence or as a particle?

From the title of a YouTube video: だるまさんが転んにゃ From the song じょんから女節: 春は私にゃ 遠すぎる I suspect the second usage might be a contraction of に and the 関西弁 copula や, but I'm not sure. Did the first ...
2
votes
2answers
242 views

What is the ちょ in こなしてちょ?

I'm playing a video game (Final Fantasy VI), in which a character is reading her lines and stage directions for a play. The stage directions contain the following sentence: この芝居を間奏の間にこなしてちょ。 ...