定義. The precise meanings of Japanese words or phrases.

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7
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1answer
80 views

Meaning of うららか in うららかな午後に

Does うららか mean "beautiful" (as in "beautiful weather") in the sentence below? うららかな午後に、新木場で起きた事故で電車ビタ止まり。 Written by a Japanese colleague on our discussion server. Google Image Search does not ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

What is 「ピプロシン体」?

This is the first time I've failed to find a word in both dictionaries and Google search: the only hit Google finds is the article where this quote appears: ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Differences Between 蘇生する and 蘇る

I'm trying to understand the difference between 蘇生する{そせいする} and 蘇る{よみがえる}. My research thus far tells me that 蘇る is intransitive and can be used for recalling memories in addition to the mutual ...
0
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0answers
96 views

Why is the name Tokiya written in katakana?

The name Tokiya is written トキヤ which would imply it's of foreign origin but I'm not having any luck uncovering the origin or meaning of the name. It seems to be somewhat traditional. Ideas?
1
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3answers
261 views

The meaning of そう

I know when placed after a verb it means "seems like" or "looks like", but what I want to know is what the そう in そう です か means. I know そう です か means "Is that so?" but I've seen そう used with ...
0
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0answers
56 views

What does そう mean here? [duplicate]

What does そう mean in these lyrics? 「今すぐ…壊して…」 そう呟くのは 今更 遅すぎる神への冒涜 Get lost!!! They're from a song titled GHOST by Gackt.
0
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2answers
165 views

What does あこ mean?

English translations for the name あこ (Ako) seem tough to find, and are unsourced, so I don't know what to believe. Some say cute, others child, even wife!
6
votes
1answer
379 views

what does てやる mean when it is not used for giving?

Okay, according to the (monolingual) dictionary that I use, てやる is used to indicate "doing something with strong will or determination" (my translation) e.g. 飛び降りてやる! But this definition seems a ...
7
votes
1answer
193 views

What is the meaning of 国の母?

I'm attempting to translate parts of my 完全マスター N2 textbook just for the practice, and even though I've already gotten past this section, the meaning of [国]{くに}の[母]{はは} still eludes me. I don't like ...
1
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2answers
87 views

Is 動詞修飾副詞 a grammatical term?

I'm reading a paper about linguistics when it comes to learning a second language. I came across this sentence: 典型的な動詞修飾副詞であることと、その基本位置は用言の前であり、移動範囲は述部内であることがわかった。 I have tried searching for a ...
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3answers
213 views

Why is domo used also to say hello?

I'm confused 'domo' literally means 'very' so I can't understand why they use it as a way of greeting
4
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1answer
321 views

Unknown word and strange use of えと

Take the sentence: バッサリいこうぜ!うっとうしいだろ[長]{なげ}えとよ。 The first, from context, I think means "You're gonna get a haircut!" I can't find バッサリ in the dictionary, though. The second probably says "It's ...
9
votes
1answer
281 views

Difference between 創立、設立、樹立

Can anyone explain the difference between the words 創{そう}立{りつ}, 設{せつ}立{りつ} and 樹{じゅ}立{りつ}? They all basically mean "to set up / to found", and from what I've researched, it's all very 微{び}妙{みょう} to ...
14
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4answers
1k views

Does 髭 refer to the beard or the moustache?

My dictionary lists 髭 as moustache / beard, but from the example sentences in WWWJDIC, it seems like 髭 is more often used to mean "beard" than "moustache" ? So for example, in this sentence: ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Natural way to understand 景気の善し悪しが影響するという

So I was working through my textbook and I come across an example sentence, which goes: 流行する色はその時の景気の善し悪しが影響するという。 I went through the dictionary to look up the words I didn't know, but I just ...
4
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2answers
230 views

人前{ひとまえ} and 人前{にんまえ}

I have been conviced for a long time that both 人前{にんまえ} and 人前{ひとまえ} existed. Which is backed by this wikitionary page. Recently, I just wanted to warn another Japanese learner about this pair of ...
4
votes
1answer
270 views

How do I read the kanji in this ad for mascara?

On the train yesterday, I came across this ad, which is just for some mascara or whatever: Sorry it's a little blurry. The text is 凛{りん}と際立{きわだ}つ艶ロング。 I'm just a little unclear on a couple of ...
6
votes
2answers
131 views

What's the difference between 同然 and 同様?

As in the title, what is the difference between these two? dictionary.goo.ne.jp says: 同然: 同じであること。また、そのさま。同様。 同様: 同じであること。ほとんど同じであること。また、そのさま。 and on the 類語 page these two are listed under ...
4
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1answer
112 views

柄にもない and its connotations

I came across 柄にもない once while reading and since the immediate look-up didn't feel like a full explanation of the phrase, I've been motivated to try and understand it connotations better. In a quick ...
6
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1answer
73 views

How to tell whether a building is 長屋建 or 共同住宅

The 国勢調査 census asks every habitant of Japan to tell whether they live in a 一戸建 (stand-alone house) , a 長屋建(テラスハウスを含む), a 共同住宅, or その他 (other). QUESTION: What is the difference between a 長屋建 and a ...
13
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1answer
2k views

Does タメ語{ご} mean “casual speech”?

A debate came up on the use of タメ語{ご} in this question, and I thought it was worth its own analysis. The question is, does タメ語 simply mean "casual speech", or does it mean "speech between equals". Or ...
4
votes
2answers
169 views

Is マラソン always 42.195 km?

ALC translate the Japanese マラソン into the English "marathon", which the English Wikipedia says has an official distance of 42.195 kilometres. Is マラソン always 42.195 km? Or has the Japanese word a ...
5
votes
2answers
387 views

What's the difference between [勝負]{しょうぶ} and [試合]{しあい}

I've seen both refered to as "match". Is there some secondary usage or perhaps a connotation or nuance that separates the two?
1
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1answer
60 views

Detail on the usage of 婚儀 to refer to a spousal relationship?

I was looking up 婚儀 on ejje to understand the differences between it and 結婚式 when I found a third definition for it which confused me 3) union, spousal relationship, matrimony, wedlock, marriage ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

What distinguishes 人情 from 人性?

I think I have a sort of loose understanding of how the words differ and what they mean, but I'm really not too sure. I've checked out weblio and goo and ALC to look around a bit first. Can anyone ...
5
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2answers
366 views

What really is 人身事故?

What really is 人身事故【じんしんじこ】 (jinshin-jiko) we often hear at train stations? Some say that it always means that somebody just threw him/herself onto a train track and got killed. Others say that it's ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

What is the meaning of へりくだった態度?

I am somewhat confused about the meaning of へりくだった態度. The へりくだる means being humble. So I'd assume that へりくだった態度 means humble attitude. However, most of translations I found give the condescending ...
0
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1answer
151 views

Breakdown of どうなってる

西洋はどうなってる? Is どうなってる itself a phrase meaning 'how is it?' or a combination of several meanings? Such as どう, なる and ている. Thanks!
2
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1answer
75 views

には in this context

デイブ: カナダも暖冬です。海が全部凍りません。だから、アザラシが逃げます。 恵子: まあ、かわいそうですね。シロクマは。でも、アザラシにはよかったかも! Here is like a conversation between two people about polar bears in Canada. What I am confused about is the use ...
1
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1answer
55 views

Meaning of ゆとり in this sentence

浴槽にバラの花びらを浮かべ遊ばせる様なゆとりを What does ゆとり in this context mean? My guess is: Time allowed to play in a bath tub filled with rose petals According to an online dictionary it should mean time, ...
1
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1answer
130 views

Does the “odo odo” in this question mean fearful?

it is my first time posting here and I have very little experience with Japanese language. Recently, a Japanese user in this game I play posted on my wall: どうもフレンド申請はおどおど受け可能ですか? Does "odo odo" mean ...
-3
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1answer
281 views

What does ''Kono watashi ga'' mean? [closed]

I've heard this in an anime but need to understand the definition of it
2
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1answer
83 views

耳をすます、何といみですか?what does it mean? [closed]

私は漢字ドリル本から漢字を勉強している。例文は”耳をすます”。 The sentence stands alone with no context.
8
votes
1answer
98 views

How to tell whether a building is マンション or アパート

Given a building, how to classify it as マンション or アパート? Non-subjective set of criteria preferred. In particular, if there is any legal definition of these terms that would be the best. I used to ...
14
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2answers
2k views

“雷{かみなり}” is thunder, or lightning, or both?

In daily conversation, " 雷 " means both the lightning and the accompanying thunder as a single phenomenon, right? At night, I sometimes see lightning on the horizon, but no thunder. That is 雷, ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Does ごめん really mean sorry?

Normally ごめんなさい is translated as sorry or excuse me, but that seems like a translation for non-native speakers. In the same way, しつれいします can also be translated as excuse me or pardon me. But it really ...
1
vote
1answer
323 views

Question about the usage of “watashi”

I am currently slightly confused about the exact usage of the word "watashi". I know that the word means I, but it's usage seems unclear to me. Some sources say that it is simply for polite use, while ...
7
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4answers
2k views

森 vs 林 for forest

According to A Guide to Remembering Japanese Characters, 森 (38) is woods and 林 (75) is forest. But some material I've found online related to Japan seems to indicate 森 is the more correct Japanese ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

“Ikkigomi”? Single comment in Japanese

At least that's what I think is being said, "ikkigomi". It means like "single comment" or "impressions" or something, but I don't know how it's written in Japanese. If someone could enlighten/correct ...
8
votes
1answer
483 views

Use of する to describe one's colour

From Japanesepod101: 象は灰色をしている。 The elephant is gray. The meaning of the sentence is not in doubt but I've been trying to figure how する is being used here. Checking a dictionary, definition ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

What does かなり actually mean?

I'm attempting to learn some basic Japanese vocabulary through a set of Anki flash cards, but one of the cards has the word かなり on it. The definition provided says "fairly, rather." This implies to me ...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

How would you translate ボタンを掛け違う?

I am new here and very happy that I found this webpage, where everyone can ask questions concerning Japanese. ^^ I am studying Japanese in my 2nd year now and in my free time, I love to translate song ...
2
votes
1answer
261 views

Differences between words for “optimistic” and “pessimistic”

I've been confused for a long time about how certain Japanese words map onto the meaning of "optimistic" and "pessimistic" in English. Specifically, what is the difference between (Optimistic) ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

Difference between 怒り{いかり} and 怒り{おこり}

Both 怒り{いかり} and 怒り{おこり} are nouns and mean "anger". Even the kanji are the same! How can we distinguish these two?
5
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4answers
2k views

Meaning of という when it doesn't mean 'call', 'be called', or 'say'

I'm having a little trouble parsing the usage of 「という」 when it it has meanings other than to call, to be called or to say. I often see sentences like 「いざという時, ということだ」 and 「これという問題はない」. The dictionary ...
1
vote
1answer
373 views

meaning of ギッタンギッタン with reference

I tried to add a definition for ギッタンギッタン to JDIC using references on the Internet. http://www.edrdg.org/jmdictdb/cgi-bin/entr.py?e=1907714&svc=jmdict&sid= They're slow to add it (or reject ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

What is the English equivalent of ストーリー総監修?

I'm confused as to the meaning of this cinematic term found in the credit of a movie. ストーリー総監修? Story Total Supervising Editor?? I'm not sure what this means. Is there any English equivalent to this ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Aren't がる and たがる the same thing?

In my JLPT practise book, it has two different entries, one to explain がる and one to explaining たがる. It offeres these example sentences to differentiate them: うちの子{こ}は新{あたら}しいものを見{み}ると、すぐほしがる。 ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

What's the meaning of ナーミンナイト in this song lyric?

These are the last 4 lines of the lyrics for the song はっぴぃなんちゃら なごりおしいけど そろそろさよなら ときめきナーミンナイト ときめきナーミンナイト ナーミンナイト(イェイ!) What does ナーミンナイト (narmin night) mean here? Especially narmin.
9
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2answers
5k views

のか - Particle “lamenting reflections on the preceding statement”. What?

I've come across this sentence in my manga. そ そうか そういう疑いを持っているのか It's actually fairly easy, but the particle at the end has confused me. I thought it was the two particles の and か, but then I ...