活用. The inflections of verbs. How the endings of verbs change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

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“Don't say it, if you don't want to” in Japanese

Don't say it, if you don't want to. You don't have to say it, if you don't want to. How do I convey these in Japanese correctly? My idea is 言えないこと言ってないもいいです。 But I am really confused by verb ...
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Verb negative-form + なる [duplicate]

寝る → 寝るようになる 寝ないようになる 寝なくようになる 寝なくなる Hi guys, sorry if this has been asked before. I've learned in class that 寝なくなる is the valid form, but are the first two forms valid as well?
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conjugation: やあります vs やります [on hold]

When conjugating yaru to yarimasu, does it become やあります or やります?
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見る + に particle: why is る not dropped?

I found this sentence in Tofugu's workbook. 続きを見るにはこちらから。 My question is: Why is the る not dropped so it becomes 見に, as in this sentence: 映画を見に行きます。
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Is there a word for “studied” or I have to use 勉強はした?

My question is if there is a word for "studied", or you have to do "study + did" to say "studied". And if that applies to all other words. Like "to work" would be 仕事はする? Does everything work with する? ...
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Translation help: 私が困っているのがはつおんですね

This is a trascript from a podcast I was listening to. The woman was asked about what she thought was the hardest aspect in learning english, to which she replied 私が困っているのがはつおんですね So... why 私が ...
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Which conjugation is this? 吸わないようにしています

Can somebody help me with breaking down the sentence: マスクをして、花粉を鼻から吸わないようにしています It has the general meaning of "they use masks so that they don't breathe pollen through their noses". My question ...
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とまらない in One Punch Man OP meaning とまれない (negative potential)

The negative form of 止{と}まる (to stop) is 止まらない, and the negative potential form is 止まれない. However, I've noticed that 止まらない can be used in the sense of 止まれない. For example, the OP for One Punch Man ...
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Which conjugation is this 生きていこう?

I guess the title says it all. Which conjugation is this: 生きる -> 生きていこう ? Thank you very much.
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Which conjugation is this 進む → 進め

I'm translating a song and came across the following sentence: 明日の岸辺へと夢の舟よ進め If it was 明日の岸辺へと夢の舟よ進む it would mean "move on the dream boat to the shores of tomorrow". What changes with this ...
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When to use these plain Te-Forms?

I've studied the use of a polite(?) te-form conjugation that is used to enumerate actions or for a request (adding ください). Examples would be 聞いて, 死んで. But what about non-polite(?) te-form ...
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木 を 切り に VS 木 を 切る に in the ももたろう tale

In the ももたろう tale there's a sentence that goes like: おじいさんが山{やま}へ木{き}を切{き}りにいけば、 おばあさんは川{かわ}へせんたくにでかけます。 Which translates as If the old man went to the mountain to cut trees the old ...
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What's the difference between あって vs ありまして?

I was taught that the て form of the verb ある is あって, but I sometimes see the word ありまして acting in the same way. What's the difference and when would you use one or the other?
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What is the difference between 見える【みえる】/聞こえる【きこえる】 and 見られる【みられる】/聞ける【きける】?

In Japanese, there is a potential form to express that it's possible for something to be done. My own examples of potential form: 辛【から】い食【た】べ物【もの】が食【た】べられる。 (I can eat spicy foods.) ...
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What conjugation of 願う is 願わくば, and what does it mean here?

This is my first post here, I'm sorry if I didn't follow any formatting or posting rules. Original sentence, from a character's monologue: 願わくばこの時間が少しでも長く続くことを。。。 The English translation I have ...
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Connective だって and use of せっかく

It's hard to tell where the following breaks up as it's in one bubble. まあまあ せっかくだから[買]{か}いに[行]{い}ったらどうだ [山田]{やまだ}だって[必要]{ひつよう}だろ Anyway. My attempt at (somewhat literal) translation here ...
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Infinitive form + た or た form

兄ちゃんも行きたいって言ってたし。 I'm pretty sure it's 言. The only difference is the top mark is horizontal. Every time time I analyze it, though, I wind up with 言. Anyway, my question regards the 行きた. ...
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遊びます vs 遊べます - 'be' meaning “you can”?

I'm going through a Nintendo DS instruction manual and trying to do a bit of translation. I'd like to ask about the difference between 遊びます and 遊べます。 本ゲームは、 ボタン操作とタッチスクリーン操作の どちらでも遊べます。 I'm sure ...
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Possible use of isolated し?

I came across a sentence that doesn't make sense no matter how I try to break it up. The context is a person's reply to a question about cutting their hair. 切るタイミング逃しちゃっただけ。 I'm not 100% sure ...
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About 「同{おな}じ」 and 「同{おな}じく」

As far as I know, 「[同じ]{おなじ}」 is not a 形容詞{けいようし} (-i adjective) so how does it become 「[同じく]{おなじく}」? Or does 「同じく」 not come from 「同じ」? Also, are there any other non i-adjectives that have -ku ...
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Which verbs have 辞書形 (dictionary forms) that look like ~ます conjugations?

I recently confused 励{はげ}ます for the ~ます form of 禿{は}げる. Although this actually lead to a rather amusing conversation, I'm wondering if there are other examples of this to watch out for?
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よかろう - What does it mean? Where does it come from?

This is another question that's come from a 昔話。 We have the following section: 大きい箱と小さい箱がありますが、どちらがいいですか。 どちらも結構じゃが、どうしてもと言うのなら、小さいほうでよかろう。 I'm having trouble with the second sentence. My ...
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連用形 used instead of regular 連体形 directly modifying nouns

I'm attempting to read my first light novel and am unsure about whether I am misunderstanding the function completely, or if it is merely a literary usage. Here is an example: ...
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Location of pitch-accent on conjugated auxiliary verbs

I've been using online tools to learn the pitch-accent rules that affect verb and adjective conjugation, and memorising the rules that govern how conjugation affects the location of the accent in ...
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What is the most appropriate word for “cry”?

Background: Yes, I have tried typing "cry" into Google Translate. Although, there are so many options, yet no example sentences for each word. In my case, I have been writing a compare & contrast ...
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meaning of 歩けなくなっちゃって

I'm trying to translate 駅から歩けなくなっちゃって. I don't really speak Japanese but this is what I got so far: なっちゃって apparently means having done something against one's intention 駅から is "from the station" ...
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てえな attached to verb stem

Hello fellow inquisitors of Japanese. In my classroom today - in Balamb Gardens of course - my students and I were gleefully reading through Shiwon Miura's latest novel あの家に暮らす四人の女 when we - to our ...
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What is the difference between the negative forms -ず and -ぬ?

-ず and -ぬ are two alternatives to the negative form -ない / -ません. But I noticed that depending on the word, it's either -ず or -ぬ, although it seems like some words can take both suffixes. Some examples ...
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Should I use 「なすぎる」 or 「なさすぎる」?

As I was taught, with verbs and adjectives, when you want to express an excessive degree, you simply attach 「すぎる」 to the stem of the word, as below. 食【た】べる 食べ過ぎる 多【おお】い 多すぎる However, when ...
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Help on Adjective Conjugation

Just done with my adjective lessons and have a question on the same. The question may be too silly, but its a road block to my thought process so need some advice. I have learned in basic lessons ...
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Understanding「汲ませて」 and 「にっぷん」, assuming that is what was said

I have a question regarding what is being said in this video. First of all, what is being said? The following is what I perceived. ...水{みず}を汲{く}ませて、しっかりとにっぷんしてから、撃{う}ちます。 In particular, I am ...
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What exactly is the difference between <verb>-てしまう and <verb>- [切]{き}る?

I've read that both the ~てしまう and ~きる (18th meaning of 切る at http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~jwb/cgi-bin/wwwjdic.cgi?1MUE%E5%88%87%E3%82%8B) forms are used to signify something has been ...
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連用形 of 「だ」 - difference between 「だっ」「で」「に」

Out of the conjugations of だ, the 連用形 is what is confusing me. I understand だ、だろ、な、なら fine, but I'm confused about だっ、で、に. I think my question might be a bit too broad and that's because I really ...
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Making sense of inflections and conjugated forms

Is it correct to think that the six conjugated forms listed here encompass a range of ideas rather than having a inflection form directly linked to them? For instance 未然形 is not only the ...
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Shorter Causative Form Popularity

How common is the shortened causative form, eg. 食べさす instead of 食べさせる. Tae Kim says in his grammar guide (http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/causepass) that the shorter causative-passive ...
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Use of verb ます-stem when て-form seems possible

I saw this line is a song: 時計塔の頂上椅子に座り微笑んでるあなたは I'm curious why it uses すわり rather than 座って? Since it's a sequence of actions I would've thought 座って would be more applicable, but since 座り ...
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How to say after (verb) (ex. after eating, after running) in Japanese?

How do you say after (insert verb here) in Japanese? like after studying, after drinking? would after studying be benkyotte kara? (べんきょうってから)
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Keigo form of ~てみる

What is sonkeigo form of verb-て/で+みる? I've heard somewhere 思い出してごらんになる as a keigo form of 思い出してみる, but I doubt if it's correct.
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Difference between using -ba or -ra form and と for conditionals?

Is there some nuance between using each one? For example: Could I use と in place of -ba form in 電気を消せば暗くなる。 or in place of -ra form in 電気を消したら暗くなる。 like this: 電気を消すと暗くなる。 ?
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Are 「〜のは欲しい」 and 「〜のは出来る」 valid alternatives to 「〜たい」and 「られる」?

Are 「〜のは欲しい」 and 「〜のは出来る」 valid alternatives to 「〜たい」and 「られる」conjugations for desire and potential form? If so, what's the difference? Examples: If 見れる means "can see," does 見るのは出来る mean the same? ...
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“After I do [x], I do [y]”?

So, I'm trying to construct a sentence along the lines of "After I do this action, I do that action," but I'm having the absolute hardest time figuring out what syntax and verb conjugations to use. ...
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Intransitive verbs and ている

I was re-reading my Genki text the other day regarding intransitive verbs and ている and it stated that when intransitive verbs take the ている form they exclusively refer to the state resulting from the ...
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How does the passive form of “to invite” work?

So I've got my tables of verb conjugations and I've settled down with "Read Real Japanese", the short story edition, and the very first verb in the first story is さそう - to invite - used in the ...
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What does 間違っていたら、修正してください mean, particularly ~ていたら?

間違っていたら、修正してください。 I don't understand the word いたら after the verb in -TE form. Thank you
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How to say “If I can be”?

I'm studying Japanese by myself. To become is なる. Able to become / can be = なれる If I say なれば it would mean ”If I became” (conditional) so "If I can be " should be "なれれば"? The sentence I'm trying to ...
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What are the differences between nouns created by renyoukei and the formal noun 「の」?

I have been getting confused with these two ways of creating nouns and been wondering if there's any differences between them. For instance, are the following sentences correct or not? 映画を見に行った。 ...
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Need help understanding causative and passive form

I was reading up some lesson on causative and passive form online. I am still a little confuse as to when and why use these form. For this example: plain form: 答える passive form: 答えられる ...
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みぜんけい or れんようけい form for ない conjugation of i-adjectives

It appears that nai conjugates onto the renyoukei (.ku) form of i-adjectives instead of the mizenkei (.karo) form, as it does with verbs. Is this correct? Every source I've found shows the .kunai ...
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427 views

少し日本語を話します and 少し日本語を話せます - What's the difference?

What changes, in these phrases? The change is the し for the せ. A friend told me that the second one was better for saying I speak little japanese. 私は少し日本語を話します。 私は少し日本語を話せます。
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What is the difference between 「帰る」and 「帰れる」?

I believe the latter is not the passive form of 帰る, so what makes it different?