活用. The inflections of verbs. How the endings of verbs change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

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Do 形容詞 have a 未然形 in Classical Japanese?

I was reading Eiríkr Útlendi's answer about -い vs. -き in 形容詞 and noticed that he identified -く as the 未然形 of 形容詞. When I studied classical Japanese, though, I was taught that 形容詞 lack a 未然形 (and also ...
3
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1answer
287 views

What forms of verbs (potential or passive) are more frequent in Japanese?

A simple question to those speaking and the native ones. What of the two forms (potential verbs or passive voice verbs) in Japanese verbs is more frequent? This question may seem strange, but I need ...
3
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1answer
276 views

Potential form for godan verb: register's/dialectical differences?

According to all standard book and webpage I consulted, godan verb's potential form are produced by first changing to え (e) form, and then add in る (ru). But a native Japanese speaker (who is also ...
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2answers
80 views

Conjugating into なければ

To create ~なければいけません or similar forms, I've been having trouble finding the exact method for conjugating into ~なければ. I imagine (but also greatly doubt) that it's something like this: 食べる -> 食べない -> ...
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3answers
558 views

~ておく / とく for preparation (Conjugation and nuance)

A few quick questions regarding ~ておく and the casual form ~とく Firstly, when changing from ~ておく to the more casual ~とく I'm assuming the verb is first conjugated to the ~て form then the ~て is dropped ...
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2answers
294 views

I am confused about the meaning of the conjugations of [買]{か}う

I am on Livemocha and it says that 買います。 means "I am going to buy it." But I figure that should be 買いに行きます。 . Also I know that ぎゅうにゅうを買っています。 is "I am buying milk." But for some reason, I thought that ...
2
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2answers
145 views

Meaning of “生まれし” [duplicate]

I wanted to ask this question because it is the first time I have honestly been unable to find any information on a given form. I know it involves the verb "to be born," but I've never seen a stem+し ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Is this a 仮定形 (kateikei) form, and how to analyse it?

I'm stuck with the word かけ in the following text below (towards the beginning of Japanese tale, Kachikachi yama). Obviously, "(こしを)かけ" stands for "(腰を)掛ける" (to sit down). But what's the grammar ...
2
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2answers
115 views

Understanding the particle の when used with the verb 知る

I was looking at the title of the song きみ の しらない ものがたり I thought translated into something like Your Unknown Story but it was actually The Story You Don't Know I'm confused as to why ...
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2answers
200 views

What is って doing in this sentence?

From Noir, Episode 2 (anime). I don't get what the って is doing in this sentence. For context, the father came home early from work. He quickly answers his wife in the first sentence then in the ...
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1answer
461 views

What does しちゃい mean?

I know it is some form of する。The context is this tweet: いいえ!無視は しちゃい けませんな(^-^)/気持ちは受け取って♪(´ε` )RT @PuyoPuyoStar: @shinji_sid すみません。先程ツイート送ったんですが、「無理してはいけません」と書きたかったところ、「無視してはいけません」と書いてしまいました。本当すみませ
2
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1answer
77 views

Difference between 出向させられる & 出向する

Is there any reason to use one tense over the other with this verb (and others like it such as 出動, as in軍隊が出動する)? Based on the following sample sentences from my Apple dictionary, they seem ...
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1answer
125 views

how does いと + 形容詞 work as a pattern?

The phrase "いと高き" occurs pretty frequently in the Japanese 新改訳 bible in the book of Daniel. Doing a little sleuthing I'm also seeing いと低き and 素晴らしき as somewhat similar constructions. I get that いと ...
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1answer
149 views

Can the ったら form of a verb be used to mean “after?”

Take this example: AったらB Could this mean, "After doing A, B happened?"
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1k views

How to convert verbs from polite form to dictionary form?

Does anyone have a good rule for converting to dictionary (u)form from masu form regarding the different verb groups? Most websites start with dictionary and go to masu but I learned starting with ...
2
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1answer
178 views

Can ~もの be applied to all verbs to make them a noun?

I understand that ~もの converts the verb into a noun. So たべます meaning "to eat" becomes たべもの meaning "food". Can ~もの be applied to all verbs? eg. ききます meaning "to listen" becomes ききもの meaning "music"?
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1answer
249 views

Te form of もっていく

Quick question regarding the -te form of the verb もっていく (to take). From my understanding the verb is a combination between もって+ いく(to go) and as such conjugates its -te form as もっていって is this correct? ...
2
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1answer
504 views

What is the difference between まだしません and まだしていません?

These are the two sentences in question: いいえ、まだしません。 いいえ、まだしていません。 From my understanding they both mean something like "No, I didn't yet" or even simply "No, not yet" but there must be a ...
2
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1answer
417 views

What does しやがって imply? shiyagatte doesn't seem to show up directly in dictionaries

I've run across the expression/word a few times in manga, and generally the context indicates that it's a conjugation of する with the ~がる indication of "3rd party appearance of internal state" (as in ...
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1answer
243 views

What is the underlying grammar in the difference between `足らない` and `足りない`?

Based on the comments from Tsuoyshi Ito's answer to Translation of 竜すらも恐るるに足らない, 恐るるに足らない/恐るるに足りない is a set phrase meaning "not worth fearing". Based on my understanding of 一段 verbs like 足りる, ...
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1answer
206 views

What is ~なかって and how is it formed? [closed]

Taken from alc.co.jp: 家{いえ}の鍵{かぎ}が見{み}つからなくて、玄関{げんかん}のベルを鳴{な}らしたけど、君{きみ}、家{いえ}に居{い}なかってし、ここでずっと待{ま}ってたんだよ。 (I rang the doorbell because I couldn't find the house key, but you weren't home, so ...
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1answer
46 views

Is there any difference for using 連用形 vs 連体形 when listing 形容動詞 to modify a 名詞?

E.g. 危険な投機的な事業 危険で投機的な事業 Are they both grammatical and mean the exact same thing?
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3answers
566 views

できる vs ~えます form for “can”, “able to” [duplicate]

A couple of days ago I tried to express "I can ..." where "..." was some some verb or verb phrase. I used the ~て form of the ... verb followed by 出来ます but was told instead to change the form of the ...
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3answers
157 views

は/が and を with the Passive form

I've recently started learning the passive form of verbs and noticed a few different usages of particles that have been giving me a lot of trouble and I wanted to clarify/confirm. From what I've ...
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1answer
208 views

When conjugating, is 'なる’ a potential verb, like '分かる'?

So, 分かる is never used as 分かれる, right? Because 分かる is already a potential-form verb, according to my Japanese grammar dictionary. About なる: can it be conjugated as なれる? Or how about ならせる? For ...
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1answer
357 views

Understanding ありやな

貯金も確かにありやな!! お金があったら何でも出来るし. I'm definitely into saving money too! If you have money you can do anything. My young friend wrote this to me. Would someone be kind enough to explain the やな for ...
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1answer
140 views

How is 信じる being conjugated here?

信じようと信じまいと Believe it or not How is 信じる being conjugated here? I am unfamilar with the stem + まい pattern, if anyone could explain the ins and outs of that, or provide a more literal translation ...
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1answer
478 views

Plain verbs vs [conjunctive form 連用形]+をする (e.g. 間違える vs 間違えをする)

(Question 1) Are there any differences in nuance and usage of conjunctive form of verb (連用形) + をする compared to the plain form of those verbs whose conjunctive forms can be used as nouns? For ...
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1answer
70 views

What is 〜んだ and how is it used?

I was listening to a playlist of songs today and I heard the line 「…目を開け弱さをかき消すんだ」 What exactly is 〜んだ and when/how is it used?
2
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1answer
91 views

Intransitive verbs and ている

I was re-reading my genki text the other day regarding intransitive verbs and ている and it stated that when intransitive verbs take the ている form they exclusively refer to the state resulting from the ...
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0answers
66 views

Use of です after informal verb conjugation [duplicate]

The following sentence I saw confuses me: わたしは すしが たべられないです。 So it takes the verb たべる (to eat), turns it into the potential form たべられる(to be able to eat) and then conjugates it in to the ...
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0answers
78 views

相変わらずだよWhat is the meaning of this ending -azu in verbs [duplicate]

Not long ago, I peeked into a slang book where I found the following expression: "あいかわらずだよ" 変わる means to change but what happens in this case with the meaning? kawarazu Thank you for your answer ...
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3answers
335 views

Difference between 建てられた and 建てました?

新しい大学のビルが建てられた。 新しい大学のビルを建てました。 Both translate to: A new university building was built. Even though the translation is the same (by my understanding) something to do with the meaning has to be ...
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2answers
207 views

negative verb confusion

Slightly mundane question here. Do negative verbs translate as x "does not" do this action or simply "not" e.g 食べない "not eat" as opposed to "does not eat". The reason I ask is because On Tae kim's ...
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175 views

Is the negative form of 住む related to すみません (i.e. “I'm sorry”/“Excuse me”), and how is it used in actual conversation?

Just learned the verb “to live” 住む. When conjugated to masu negative it is pronounced as すみません. How is this related to the expression すみません which means “I'm sorry”/“Please excuse me”? Or is it just a ...
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2answers
199 views

~った with a noun (生い立ち > 生い立った) - what's really going on?

I just started trying to read the Japanese translation of Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha. I've struck a problem in the first sentence that my native Japanese speaking friends can't seem to help me with. ...
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2answers
93 views

Translation for 食べ物を腐らせずに保存する

Saw this in my textbook. The translation is "to preserve food from decay". I get it, but I am not clear about the ず after 腐らせる. Where is it coming from?
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2answers
161 views

Adjective conjugation of 小さい and 少ない in these sentences

I’ve come across some adjective conjugation that I don’t fully understand in two separate but related example sentences, and so my translations are definitely wonky. ...
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1answer
184 views

Use of Causative-Passive Form and ために in this example

I’m struggling to translate and understand this example dialogue from my textbook. 学生:先生、どうして私たちはこんなにたくさん漢字を勉強させられるんですか。 先生:だれも勉強させていませんよ。だれのために勉強しているんですか。 学生: 自分です。 My attempt at translation: ...
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1answer
143 views

What conjugation is 助けて, when used as an interjection?

According to Wiktionary, the only conjugation I can match this to is the conjunctive form, but that doesn't make any sense, given the context (as in "Help me!"). What would the equivalent conjugation ...
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1answer
64 views

Usage and meaning of 仲ばし [closed]

While reading I came across a strange usage which none of my dictionaries could decipher. 腰を仲ばし、両手を大きく振りながら、てくてく歩く。 While googling I found the sentence 手を前方に進め上体を倒しながら仲ばします accompanied by a ...
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1answer
133 views

言わない VS 言わなくない A negative verb conjugated as an adjective?

While reading a text in Japanese, I came up with the phrase "何も言わなくなったから" I don't understand what the ~くない stands for. As far as know is used as the negative for of an adjective... but 言う is a verb! ...
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1answer
711 views

[plain form]-んじゃない

When I was first learning Japanese, I learned that the explanatory form, -んです is always constructed by conjugating the verb in short form and adding -んです, and that the です part is never conjugated. But ...
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1answer
72 views

Verbal forms allowed to determine a noun

I'm not confident that the English grammatical words I'm using are okay; feel free to correct me. Let's start with the phrase 読{よ}む本{ほん} meaning, among other acceptable translations "the book I do ...
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1answer
55 views

Differentiating honorific passive and potential conjugations of 出る

Given the following sentence structure, I am wondering how one differentiates the usage of 出る in the following. 明日のパーティーに出られますか? The usage of the partial に and the られる suggests a honorific ...
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3answers
142 views

Dictionary form of verb to indicate progressive actions or actions in progress?

I've always interpreted the plain/present affirmative of a verb (e.g. 行く/行きます) as either A.) an action that I will do in the future 図書館に行きます "I will go to the library" B.) an action that I ...
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1answer
6k views

How to say after (verb) (ex. after eating, after running) in Japanese?

How do you say after (insert verb here) in Japanese? like after studying, after drinking? would after studying be benkyotte kara? (べんきょうってから)
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2answers
147 views

What is the difference between 〜て and 〜の?

Sometimes when I see verbs in a sentence that uses it as a subject or noun rather than an event or verb which explains what happens in a sentence. E.g.: 私は食べるのが好きです。 金曜日、日本へ行っては思う。 In ...
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1answer
248 views

What is the らせ form of a verb?

I'm trying to understand this: 賞品?おそらく!リナちゃん.....私の後ろの笑い声輝くん​がたくさんで黙らせ The last word, 黙らせ, is confusing. Is this a combination of different forms?
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1answer
148 views

I don't understand the meaning and “naran” in this sentence 早く日曜日にならんかな

I don't understand the meaning of ならん in this sentence: 早く日曜日にならんかな Does ならん come from ならぶ? Or come from なる? How it's conjugated? What's that ん in ならん...?