活用. The inflections of verbs. How the endings of verbs change to reflect grammatical factors such as tense and aspect.

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1answer
89 views

For 知る what is the difference between the simple present (知る) and 知っている forms?

あなたは電話番号を知りますか (anata wa denwa bangou wo shirimasu ka)? あなたは電話番号を知っていますか (anata wa denwa bangou wo shitte imasu ka)? In my book "あなたは電話番号を知っていますか" (anata wa denwa bangou wo shitte imasu ka) is ...
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2answers
113 views

Meaning of どく in sentence

I have a sentence in Haruki Murakami's 海辺のカフカ which reads: でも形而上的であり象徴的でありながら、同時にそいつは千の剃刀のようにするどく生身を切り裂くんだ。 I understand the first part of the sentence as: May it be metaphysical or ...
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4answers
533 views

When would you use 敬語 in its plain forms?

Are there any examples of people using verbs such as いただく, 参る, 申す, いたす (and their 尊敬語 counterparts, along with the various other humble/respectful verbs) in those plain forms, rather than conjugated ...
9
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3answers
199 views

Does “te-form” of a verb always include て/で? Why?

In so-called 学校文法 (the Japanese grammar which all native Japanese speakers learn at around middle school), one form of a verb is called 連用形 (aka continuative form), which looks like this (screenshot ...
2
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1answer
64 views

What's is the difference between these two forms?

So for what I knew the "potential form" of the verbs are for example: 話せる for 話す, a godan verb. 見られる for 見る, an ichidan verb. But then I find this form for the ichidan verbs that seems to mean the ...
4
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2answers
130 views

Adjective + 出す?

Recently I watched this and the translator gives me something I didn't know. I know that a verb + 出す means to start..... 走り出す - To start to run 逃げ出す - To start to escape 登り出す - To start to ...
4
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1answer
196 views

-まする verb ending. Is る a particle?

Has anyone ever come across the form -まする where -ます would be expected? I have just come across a sentence ending ...と存じまする. My first thought was that る must be a particle, but I can't find any ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Conjugation for the verb しろって

I recently came across the following sentence in an English comic book that was translated into Japanese: 先生が僕らに何をしろって? I checked the verb しろって and found out that it was conjugated from する? May I ...
4
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1answer
96 views

Confused over 「ろうそくが置かれている」

I encountered this sentence. 「ろうそくが置かれている」 I can tell from context it means something like "Candles are placed", but I'm confused about the usage of ている with a transitive verb. Genki tells me that ...
5
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1answer
79 views

Which form is はじめまして?

So I've learned that はじめまして is used in first meetings and that it stems from the verb はじめる (to start; to begin). But what form is it? It's apparently not the polite past form, which has a -た at the ...
2
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1answer
90 views

Possible conjugations on certain grammar patterns

On "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", when a grammar pattern works with the informal form of a verb, they only talk about the positive present tense and the positive past tense. (At least until ...
8
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2answers
582 views

What is the verb ending of われん mean?

I am reading the Fullmetal Alchemist manga and came across the following in the first volume: 祈り信じよ されば救われん The subtitles of the anime translate this to be: "Pray and you shall be saved....
3
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1answer
111 views

Meaning of 言われ + ても

I was looking up the conjugation of 言う, and the passive form of it is 言われる. In the sentence below, which I did not write, ても gets attached to that verb form after first dropping る. Can someone please ...
3
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3answers
199 views

て-form and other conjugations of 謙譲語

In my limited exposure to 尊敬語【そんけいご】 and 謙譲語【けんじょうご】, I feel like I've only really seen them used in their normal -ます forms and never in て form or conjugated such as a -たい form. Are honorific and ...
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0answers
27 views

What is the correct なさる masu form? [duplicate]

Im getting two different conjugations of なさる masu form from different sites some say なさります some say なさいます I know that the conjugation rule for godan verbs ending in る is to convert the る into り and ...
5
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2answers
167 views

Desire form verbs (~たい), is there a polite form?

I was just curious if there is a way to make the ~たい form polite? for example 戦いたい - Want to fight I was thinking possibly using the honorific form instead of the masu form might be acceptable? ...
2
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2answers
151 views

What is potential form?

I am in my fourth online Japanese class at UMUC Asia and we just started learning about potential form of verbs. I was wondering if there is an easy way to explain what it is? My teacher's explanation ...
4
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2answers
120 views

Is 食べてたい correct?

The following sentence was written by a Japanese. 最近のお気に入りケーキ🍰💕 毎日食べてたい Is 食べてたい just a typo, or is it a short form of something, like 食べておきたい or 食べていただきたい?
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2answers
101 views

Proper form of なさる - なさります or なさいます

In Genki II (second ed.), page 168 we are given polite forms of some verbs, among them する with なさる. They have also written that some of them have irregular conjugations in long forms, among them なさる, ...
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2answers
97 views

面白かった Vs. 有名だった

So, I'm relatively new to Japanese and I'm learning. And I notice that some words are paired with かった or だった, even though they're both for referencing past. So, my question is: When is it appropriate ...
8
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2answers
107 views

What is しか here?

[至誠]{しせい}に[悖]{もと}る[勿]{な}かりしか [言行]{げんこう}に[恥]{は}づる[勿]{な}かりしか... What part of speech is it? Wiki translates it as 真心に反する点はなかったか, which going by meaning only fits with 2(連語) here, but I couldn't find ...
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3answers
194 views

Conjunctive form (e.g. 書き) vs Conj + mono (e.g. 書き物)

I'm trying to fully understand the plain conjunctive form without a suffix. I've seen it mainly in the form of 話, where it means a talk or speech. So I think it means something along the lines of "the ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Breaking down a translation: 彼は大政治家になりたいという大望を忘れたことはなかった。

I've found this example sentence at the tangorin.com dictionary: 彼は大政治家になりたいという大望を忘れたことはなかった。 It is translated as "He never forgot his ambition to become a major politician." There is two ...
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3answers
265 views

ない in つまらない and similar adjectives and their conjugation with すぎる

The usual path for conjugation would be: 高い → 高すぎる  (drop い, append すぎる) ない → なさすぎる (drop い, append さ, append すぎる) Is ない in つまらない treated as the negative ない which conjugates as 2.? Or is つまらない a ...
0
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2answers
107 views

conjugation: やあります vs やります [closed]

When conjugating yaru to yarimasu, does it become やあります or やります?
3
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2answers
135 views

見る + に particle: why is る not dropped?

I found this sentence in Tofugu's workbook. 続きを見るにはこちらから。 My question is: Why is the る not dropped so it becomes 見に, as in this sentence: 映画を見に行きます。
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2answers
237 views

Is there a word for “studied” or I have to use 勉強はした?

My question is if there is a word for "studied", or you have to do "study + did" to say "studied". And if that applies to all other words. Like "to work" would be 仕事はする? Does everything work with する? ...
4
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2answers
148 views

Translation help: 私が困っているのがはつおんですね

This is a trascript from a podcast I was listening to. The woman was asked about what she thought was the hardest aspect in learning english, to which she replied 私が困っているのがはつおんですね So... why 私が ...
5
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1answer
130 views

とまらない in One Punch Man OP meaning とまれない (negative potential)

The negative form of 止{と}まる (to stop) is 止まらない, and the negative potential form is 止まれない. However, I've noticed that 止まらない can be used in the sense of 止まれない. For example, the OP for One Punch Man ...
0
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1answer
96 views

Which conjugation is this? 吸わないようにしています

Can somebody help me with breaking down the sentence: マスクをして、花粉を鼻から吸わないようにしています It has the general meaning of "they use masks so that they don't breathe pollen through their noses". My question ...
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2answers
123 views

Which conjugation is this 生きていこう?

I guess the title says it all. Which conjugation is this: 生きる -> 生きていこう ? Thank you very much.
1
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1answer
67 views

Which conjugation is this 進む → 進め

I'm translating a song and came across the following sentence: 明日の岸辺へと夢の舟よ進め If it was 明日の岸辺へと夢の舟よ進む it would mean "move on the dream boat to the shores of tomorrow". What changes with this ...
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2answers
113 views

When to use these plain Te-Forms?

I've studied the use of a polite(?) te-form conjugation that is used to enumerate actions or for a request (adding ください). Examples would be 聞いて, 死んで. But what about non-polite(?) te-form conjugations?...
2
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1answer
110 views

What's the difference between あって vs ありまして?

I was taught that the て form of the verb ある is あって, but I sometimes see the word ありまして acting in the same way. What's the difference and when would you use one or the other?
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2answers
103 views

木 を 切り に VS 木 を 切る に in the ももたろう tale

In the ももたろう tale there's a sentence that goes like: おじいさんが山{やま}へ木{き}を切{き}りにいけば、 おばあさんは川{かわ}へせんたくにでかけます。 Which translates as If the old man went to the mountain to cut trees the old ...
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2answers
215 views

What conjugation of 願う is 願わくば, and what does it mean here?

This is my first post here, I'm sorry if I didn't follow any formatting or posting rules. Original sentence, from a character's monologue: 願わくばこの時間が少しでも長く続くことを。。。 The English translation I have ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Connective だって and use of せっかく

It's hard to tell where the following breaks up as it's in one bubble. まあまあ せっかくだから[買]{か}いに[行]{い}ったらどうだ [山田]{やまだ}だって[必要]{ひつよう}だろ Anyway. My attempt at (somewhat literal) translation here is:...
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1answer
62 views

Infinitive form + た or た form

兄ちゃんも行きたいって言ってたし。 I'm pretty sure it's 言. The only difference is the top mark is horizontal. Every time time I analyze it, though, I wind up with 言. Anyway, my question regards the 行きた. According ...
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1answer
119 views

Possible use of isolated し?

I came across a sentence that doesn't make sense no matter how I try to break it up. The context is a person's reply to a question about cutting their hair. 切るタイミング逃しちゃっただけ。 I'm not 100% sure ...
2
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0answers
138 views

Verb negative-form + なる [duplicate]

寝る → 寝るようになる 寝ないようになる 寝なくようになる 寝なくなる Hi guys, sorry if this has been asked before. I've learned in class that 寝なくなる is the valid form, but are the first two forms valid as well?
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1answer
150 views

連用形 used instead of regular 連体形 directly modifying nouns

I'm attempting to read my first light novel and am unsure about whether I am misunderstanding the function completely, or if it is merely a literary usage. Here is an example: ...
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1answer
84 views

Location of pitch-accent on conjugated auxiliary verbs

I've been using online tools to learn the pitch-accent rules that affect verb and adjective conjugation, and memorising the rules that govern how conjugation affects the location of the accent in ...
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1answer
201 views

meaning of 歩けなくなっちゃって

I'm trying to translate 駅から歩けなくなっちゃって. I don't really speak Japanese but this is what I got so far: なっちゃって apparently means having done something against one's intention 駅から is "from the station" ...
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2answers
178 views

てえな attached to verb stem

Hello fellow inquisitors of Japanese. In my classroom today - in Balamb Gardens of course - my students and I were gleefully reading through Shiwon Miura's latest novel あの家に暮らす四人の女 when we - to our ...
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1answer
263 views

What is the most appropriate word for “cry”?

Background: Yes, I have tried typing "cry" into Google Translate. Although, there are so many options, yet no example sentences for each word. In my case, I have been writing a compare & contrast ...
7
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1answer
137 views

Should I use 「なすぎる」 or 「なさすぎる」?

As I was taught, with verbs and adjectives, when you want to express an excessive degree, you simply attach 「すぎる」 to the stem of the word, as below. 食【た】べる 食べ過ぎる 多【おお】い 多すぎる However, when ...
7
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3answers
106 views

Help on Adjective Conjugation

Just done with my adjective lessons and have a question on the same. The question may be too silly, but its a road block to my thought process so need some advice. I have learned in basic lessons ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Understanding「汲ませて」 and 「にっぷん」, assuming that is what was said

I have a question regarding what is being said in this video. First of all, what is being said? The following is what I perceived. ...水{みず}を汲{く}ませて、しっかりとにっぷんしてから、撃{う}ちます。 In particular, I am ...
2
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0answers
102 views

連用形 of 「だ」 - difference between 「だっ」「で」「に」

Out of the conjugations of だ, the 連用形 is what is confusing me. I understand だ、だろ、な、なら fine, but I'm confused about だっ、で、に. I think my question might be a bit too broad and that's because I really ...
7
votes
2answers
158 views

Shorter Causative Form Popularity

How common is the shortened causative form, eg. 食べさす instead of 食べさせる. Tae Kim says in his grammar guide (http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/causepass) that the shorter causative-passive ...