副詞. Words that typically modify 用言 (words that inflect and function as predicators, such as verbs and adjectives). However, 副詞 also modify other constituents, including other adverbs, nouns (under limited circumstances), and even entire sentences.

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2
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86 views

げっそり自由 meaning?

I have this sentence in one of my N1 practice books, but I am not really sure how to translate this one: 不況のせいでリストラされたので、しばらくげっそり自由を楽しむことにした。 げっそり translate to 'being disheartened' - how to ...
3
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1answer
490 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
1
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2answers
110 views

Trouble understanding sentence

「質問に答えていない。 私は、人を殺すのが楽しいのかと訊いたのです」 サーヴァントを睨む。 歪な短刀を持った影は、 「とりわけ何も。第一、殺しちゃ楽しめねえだろ、色々」 ひひ、と。 愉しみを共有したがるよう、下卑た笑いを私に向けた。 What does that last sentence mean? I think he is saying something ...
6
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2answers
298 views

“仕事は大変だけど元気だよー” Missing adjective or is it correct?

I would imagine that my friend is trying to say "My work is very difficult, but other than that I'm fine!", But for me it feels like it's missing an adjective like 難しい. 仕事は大変だけど元気だよー I imagine ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Uncertain about なにも

I encountered a short sentence that I'm having trouble understanding completely. なにも遊ぶのは人間だけじゃない。 The context is, a young girl is playing with a dog for the first time. I'm pretty sure I at ...
2
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2answers
107 views

What does “ごゆるりと” mean?

What does this mean:「まあ、ごゆるりと」?
5
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2answers
128 views

What exactly are the differences between 大体, だいぶ and 大部分

Okay, those three make me very confused. To my understanding だいぶ is used when it´s more than what you expected. 大体 should be more or less, but then where comes 大部分? And is 大体 a lesser percentage than ...
3
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1answer
126 views

とでたしか。。。出してられます: particle and tense question

From Haruki Murakami's preface to Yume de Aimashō: ときどき「糸井さんと村上さんとでたしか『夢で会いましょう』という対談集出してられますね」と言われることがあるけれど、それは明らかなマチガイです。 I'm guessing that it parses as to de tashika, right? If so, questions: ...
7
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2answers
219 views

How do adverbs work with multiple clauses in a sentence?

Using two somewhat different uses of the te form as examples. 彼女はいつになくはしゃいでよくしゃべった Does the adverb "unusually" describe both "being in high spirits" and "being talkative"? ...
3
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1answer
97 views

For which verb is を marking the object [duplicate]

「にわかに目をキラキラさせ始めた友蔵を前に、さすがのおかあさんも、ズバリ、 そんな物は必要ないとは言いにくいらしく珍しく口ごもった。」 I'm struggling to parse this sentence. In particular I don't understand which verb the を in bold is marking the object of. ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Can 主に modify a 体言?

Is [主]{おも}に one of 副詞 that can modify 体言? It seems to be used this way often, like: 与るとは [主]{おも}に目上から、好意の表れとしてあることを受ける。 アメリカでは主に経済学を学んだ. In America, he studied mainly economics. (random ...
4
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2answers
144 views

Adverb referring to previous verbs

つまり他人の未来を知る、という事は他人の現在と過去を熟知してなければならない訳だ。 それも、未来という答えを弾き出す為に、自分の人生と等価値になるほど深く。 だがそこまで他人の過去や現在を熟知してしまっては色々と不都合が生じてしまう。 I am not sure about what the second bold part refers to? I believe it ...
3
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2answers
66 views

Understanding ハッとしたように

The full sentence: 藤木がハッとしたように言った。 「thing Fujiki said」 Fujiki said with surprise ... How does this differ from just saying 藤木がハッと言った。 Is したように necessary, and if so, why, and what extra ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Explain the meaning of という or と + いう?

Here is the sentence: それは改良を必要としますが、すぐにということではありません。 I can't understand this part: すぐに_Adverb + という_Particle? + こと_Noun + では_DEWA + ありません_Verb. I know that という is an expression "said; called thus", ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Adding く to な-adjectives?

I was playing Fire Emblem If (暗夜) yesterday and came across a construction I did not know beforehand, な-adjectives apparently turned into adverbs using く. お前{まえ}のことは、父上{ちちうえ}に上手{じょうず}く言っておこう I ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

無い and 無く difference

What would be the differences if I were to say 間違いない and 間違いなく? I ask that because the 無い suffix is usually explained as equivalent to the English "there is no" or "does not exist". I've seen ...
4
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2answers
232 views

Is it an adverb or not?

Quick question about some so-called "adverbs". I've seen some people claim that noun + に particle (本当に) isn't really an adverb. If it isn't an adverb, then does anyone know what the function of the に ...
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3answers
115 views

How do I translate 「コロッと転がってたりする」 to english?

I've encountered the following sentence in a game: 時には後ろを振り返ると案外役に立つ事がコロッと転がってたりするもんだ。 First, I'd like to understand why the "to" in コロッと isn't in katakana like the rest of the word, why the ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Why this negative form ends in く?

This is the sentence: 彼は英語を勉強したことがなく、アルファベットさえ読めない I would write something like: 彼は英語を勉強したことがないのでアルファベットさえ読めない I understand that you don't necessarily need ので, but why does it terminate the negative ...
4
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3answers
177 views

Adverbial transformation in verbs

I've seen many texts where verbs ends in く and this remind me the transformation from i-adj to adverbs where we simply change い --> く This is the sentence I'm struggling with: ミトがいらないなら買う必要なくね? I ...
3
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1answer
207 views

What's the meaning of the く in 赤くありません?

The way of turning 赤 into an adjective is adding い, but what does it mean when instead of a い you put a く? I found it in this phrase: 私のリンゴは赤くありません。 I get the meaning but not the meaning of く.
11
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1answer
355 views

副詞 before copula

When reading through The meaning of そう, I was thinking about そう's status as a 副詞. Certainly, it acts like many other 副詞 in that it can directly modify verbs. However, I was curious about the usage ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Help with translating a certain sentence ending: ~なくしろ

Context: Translated lyrics, (source) English -> (content in question) Japanese. Stanza context: English (source): Put him in the back of a squad-car / restrain that man. Their translation: ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Adjective use of たかだか

たかだか[髪]{かみ}が[伸]{の}びたくらいで。 I'm thinking たかだか髪 means roughly "very long hair". If so, I imagine the sentence would translate to "Very long hair grew about to that point." But, that doesn't make ...
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0answers
41 views

inflecting an adjective as “〜く、…” or “〜くて、…”? [duplicate]

How to decide whether to inflect an adjective as 〜く、... or 〜くて、...? pairing #1 // A is used in my textbook. (A) 選手{せんしゅ}たちの今日{きょう}の試合{しあい}での活躍{かつやく}は素晴{すば}らしく、文句{もんく}のつけようがない。 (B) ...
7
votes
2answers
340 views

Does adverb come before or after the verb?

Does an adverb come before or after the verb? I'm writing (or at least trying to) the sentence "Never step inside of/on the tokonoma." Now, knowing how to write that sentence specifically would be ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Grammar behind adverbs + は

This is the sentence in question: 寂しくはあったけれど... My impression is that it means "There was loneliness but" or "He/She/It was lonely but". However I don't understand the grammar behind it. It looks to ...
8
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1answer
122 views

Placement of adverbs

I was working through my N5 sentential grammar (sentence composition) practice book, and there was a question with an adverb, おおごえで (大声で): 山を のぼりながら おおごえ ___ ___ ___ ___ 人も いました。 1 うた   2 うたう ...
18
votes
1answer
858 views

What's the proper way to use 先 versus 前に or 以前?

I'm trying to understand why 先 is not the best choice to use in these sentences. Is it wrong to use it in this way? × 先、学校で何かが起こった。 ○ 以前、学校で何かが起こった。 × 先の書いた本から十年間が過ぎました。 ○ 前に書いた本から十年間が過ぎました。
5
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1answer
90 views

How do adverbs denoting amounts such as たくさん and ちょっと work?

Japanese counters such as 一つ are adverbs even though they describe nouns such as in the following sentence. りんごを一つ食べた It is clear that 一つ refers to the amount of apples. However, what do ...
0
votes
1answer
226 views

Can tokidoki only be used in a negative sentence?

I heard that ときどき can only be used in an affirmative sentence, and never in a negative sentence. Is that true? If anyone could please provide an example of ときどき in a negative sentence, that would be ...
3
votes
1answer
711 views

Can まさにかわいい be used to say “very cute”?

I recently wanted to compliment someone for having done something "very cute," and wound up using まさにかわいい. They understood me, but now I suspect that is a weird way to say it. More common variations ...
6
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1answer
104 views

Is there any practical difference between しばらく and しばらくの間?

While answering How does しばらく work with ていない? I started to wonder if 暫く{しばらく} and 暫く{しばらく}の間{あいだ} were fully interchangeable? Or are there any examples where you would use one and not the other?
3
votes
1answer
143 views

How to understand when adverb modifies another adverb and when verb?

Is 薄く and ほのかに both modify 輝く in the following sentence? Or, maybe I'm mistaken something, but since 薄く and ほのかに have the similar meanings, 薄く modifies ほのかに and ほのかに 輝く? Please, explain me how can you ...
2
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2answers
160 views

「一緒なように」は不自然かどうか

今日仕事で、出張の日程についてメールを書きました。三人が同じ学会で発表しますが、一人一人は違う場所から出発します。一人目の分も二人目の分も日程をきちんと書いていましたが、三人目については省略しようと思い、このように書きました。 X先生は国際便が一緒に乗るようにして、X街からの便が多くのため、私は決めることができません。 = X-sensei should be on the same ...
3
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1answer
102 views

The various uses of いちいち?

I was wondering if you guys could help me understand the adverb いちいち a little better. From my understanding in the following sentence it serves the purpose of "Every single" as in " Because you don't ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What role does もう play in this sentence?

頭痛に頭を掻き毟り{むしり}つつ、震えるもう片方の手が宙を泳いだ。 Does もう modify 泳いだ here, as in "already moved (lit. swam through air/space)"? So that "while X (tearing hair with one hand due to headache), the trembling other ...
3
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0answers
90 views

Are there verbs that simply cannot work alone under any circumstances?

Some verbs, like 過ぎる can be added to the stem of other verbs to alter the meaning, (食べる>食べ過ぎる), can 過ぎる be used alone in specific circumstances? Are there verbs which are either grammatically ...
3
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1answer
212 views

Adverbs that can modify other adverbs / adverbials?

I assumed that adverbs modify only verbals (noun + copula, adjectives, verbs, however blurred their actual distinction). However, today I came across an entry in a grammar book [ISBN-13: ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

Frequency adverb locations

When using frequency adverbs like ぜんぜん,あまり,よく and so forth. Where is the correct location in the sentence to structure it? In my Genki I textbook it says the sentence structure is Topic Frequency ...
2
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1answer
160 views

sense of a displaced “adverb” in a sentence written by Sōseki Natsume

I read in that thread : 「自分{じぶん}は死{し}ぬ前{まえ}に一目{ひとめ}思{おも}う女{おんな}に逢{あ}いたいと云{い}った。」 in 夢十夜, 第五夜 : "I explained that before I died, if only for a moment, I wanted to see the woman I loved." ...
5
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1answer
406 views

How does 一目 work in this sentence?

Trying to make sense of this sentence: 自分は死ぬ前に一目{ひとめ}思う女に逢{あ}いたいと云った。 Daijirin lists 一目 as a noun. However, it doesn't connect with 思う according to normal rules (there is no particle). To ...
3
votes
1answer
819 views

Adverbial Nouns and Temporal Nouns

I'm wondering about the difference between adverbs, adverbial nouns, and temporal nouns.* I know that adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. They usually tell amount, weight, time, ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Understanding adverbs and their meaning [closed]

Recently I have learnt about adverbs. From my understanding they describe how an action or verb is done. This is similar in the way that adjectives describe nouns. Following my text book I read ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Intrepretation of よく

A sentence from Japanesepod101, with the official translation. 赤のブドウも緑のブドウもよく搾{しぼ}るとワインやジュースになります。 Both red and green grapes are good squeezed and turned into wine or juice. Their translation ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Use of 一体 in this sentence

These two sentences have been giving me trouble in terms of understanding their meaning. 友達が恋人にふられて、とても落ち込んでいる。でも、一体何を言ってあげたらいいか、全然分からない。 My translation: My friend was able to trip up my ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Difference between 本当に and 全然 in a negative sentence

I want to translate something like the following: I watched a movie with together with my friends. Not at all did I watch it alone. Where the "not at all" is supposed to express obvious ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

Usage of さぞ and きっと

I looked these words and means surely. Usually I see きっと, but is usual to use さぞ? きっとお疲れでしょう。 さぞお疲れでしょう。 It's ok use both?
2
votes
2answers
296 views

Adverbs in Japanese versus English

I have heard that Japanese adverbs usually occur along with particles in a sentence. Also, I perhaps simplistically consider particles to be the analog of prepositions in English. In English it seems ...