形容詞・形容動詞. Japanese doesn't technically have adjectives, but special types of nouns and verbs called na-adjectives and i-adjectives respectively have the same function.

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6
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2answers
294 views

“仕事は大変だけど元気だよー” Missing adjective or is it correct?

I would imagine that my friend is trying to say "My work is very difficult, but other than that I'm fine!", But for me it feels like it's missing an adjective like 難しい. 仕事は大変だけど元気だよー I imagine ...
4
votes
2answers
81 views

Adjectives and particles が に

Adjectives describe a noun which is marked by が. 僕は料理が得意。 Could it be rewritten as 僕には料理が得意。 Or is it wrong? Regarding adjectives, a sentence like this would be correct: ...
4
votes
2answers
283 views

Do I need to add “da” before “to iimashita”?

Not sure how to say "my mum said it was fun." Is this correct: watashi no okaasan wa, sore ga tanoshi to iimashita Or do I need to add "da"? As this is for speaking.
5
votes
3answers
142 views

Why is there a な in this sentence?

I am translating the following sentence I found in my workbook. 美味しそうな写真を見て、思わず[涎]{よだれ}が出た。 美味しい is an i-adjective, so why is there a な?
8
votes
1answer
161 views

What is the correct “healthy” adjective for healthy foods?

The situation is that I've expressed that I like Sushi, and then want to proceed and explain why that is, describing sushi as delicious and healthy. Something along the lines of: すしはおいしくてヘルシーですから。 ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Adjective-Noun vs Noun-が-Adjective

What is the difference between the two: 高{たか}い値段{ねだん}レストラン 値段{ねだん}が高{たか}いレストラン In other words, what is the difference between: adjective-noun noun-が-adjective Another ...
5
votes
2answers
96 views

Is it correct to say 複雑な波長?

My friend heard this in an anime. I can understand 複雑な波長パターン or something along these lines, but just 複雑な波長? Like, you wouldn't say "complex mass" or "complex speed", right? (unless maybe complex ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

placement of the adjective/adverb いっぱい

In the sentence: 昨日いっぱい寝たから今日は元気いっぱいです。 I want to ask about the placement of いっぱい. I want to know if it is ok to say いっぱい元気, instead of the other way around? Is there a general rule to the ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How offensive is ぷっくりする?

I've read the definition of ぷっくりする in a dictionary, and it can basically describe someone who is chubby. As I have rarely seen this expression used, I'd like to know how (in)appropiate it is. Is ぷっくり ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

面白かった Vs. 有名だった

So, I'm relatively new to Japanese and I'm learning. And I notice that some words are paired with かった or だった, even though they're both for referencing past. So, my question is: When is it appropriate ...
8
votes
2answers
605 views

What is the dictionary form of sukunai?

I've been learning adjective conjugations and I've understood that to conjugate an adjective into its negative form you drop the last syllable (~い syllable) and add くない. However, I've run into the ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How to conjugate multiple adjectives using て-form with conflicting tenses?

I know how to say something when both adjectives are the same tense, such as: あの 人 は かわいくて ちいさい です。 That person is cute and small. However, how would you say something like, "That person is cute ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Adding く to な-adjectives?

I was playing Fire Emblem If (暗夜) yesterday and came across a construction I did not know beforehand, な-adjectives apparently turned into adverbs using く. お前{まえ}のことは、父上{ちちうえ}に上手{じょうず}く言っておこう I ...
11
votes
3answers
242 views

ない in つまらない and similar adjectives and their conjugation with すぎる

The usual path for conjugation would be: 高い → 高すぎる  (drop い, append すぎる) ない → なさすぎる (drop い, append さ, append すぎる) Is ない in つまらない treated as the negative ない which conjugates as 2.? Or is つまらない a ...
13
votes
2answers
848 views

Adjectives functioning both as イ- and ナ-adjective

This question has made me think about the class of adjectives, which can function both as イ- and as ナ-adjective, e.g. 大きい 大きな 小さい 小さな 真っ白い 真っ白な (etc.) 細かい 細かな 暖かい 暖かな 四角い 四角な (etc.) 柔らかい ...
32
votes
5answers
3k views

i-adjectives used as na-adjectives: is there a difference? (e.g. 大きい versus 大きな)

There are at the very least several i-adjectives can be used as na-adjectives by dropping the final い and adding な in its place. The most common examples of this, as far as I am aware, are 大きい and ...
3
votes
1answer
524 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Conjugation of い adjectives - when do you conjugate them and difference between 新しい車 and 新車?

I'm studying Japanese at University (first year) and the only thing I can't get my head around so far is い adjectives. I understand how and what factors are needed to conjugate them, but do you only ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

Comma between adjectives?

Is it okay to separate adjectives with a comma? Since my sentence has three adjectives, I added them just like how we would in English to separate a list containing three or more items (no comma if ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Why is the が particle being used with these adjectives

I'm learning the use of なる with adjectives/nouns in my textbook. I was given two examples and in both the particle が was used. ex.1 にほんごのべんきょうがすきになりました。 I have grown fond of studying Japanese. ...
10
votes
2answers
250 views

Using に with adjectives

I want to know if there is a rule or way of thinking that makes it easier to understand which adjectives can be used in the following pattern. 体にいいです。 健康にわるいです。 酒によわいです。 電車に詳しいです。 その場にふさわしかった。 I ...
8
votes
2answers
121 views

Is た形 required when using 自動詞 as an adjective?

From the grammar book I learned that when 自動詞 is being used as an adjective, it should change its form to the た形, for example: 優れ{すぐれ}た学生 拗れ{こじれ}た話し But can I say 優れる学生 or 拗れる話し? Why?
9
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1answer
132 views

Using 嫌い and 嫌う

In elementary Japanese, you are taught to say you dislike something with が嫌いです. For example: 国の状態が嫌いです。 I've also seen 嫌う used to express dislike, like: 昨日を嫌った。 Are they both ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Can I make a noun from a の adjective in general?

Today I wanted to say that a book was 'colloquial'. I went to my dictionary and found: colloquial adj. 口語の; Is it correct to just remove の and write: この本は口語です。 Or must this word always be used ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Modifying individual nouns in の strings

I haven't seen any examples that make use of this, nor have I seen any evidence to the contrary, so I thought I'd ask about it. I know that の basically connects nouns and makes them all 1 noun that ...
7
votes
3answers
105 views

Help on Adjective Conjugation

Just done with my adjective lessons and have a question on the same. The question may be too silly, but its a road block to my thought process so need some advice. I have learned in basic lessons ...
6
votes
3answers
117 views

Expression for a bad photograph

What are the most common (informal) expressions for a badly taken photo? My first guess was 悪い写真, but searching for that in google finds only scary pictures, so I don't think that it's what I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

sentence patterns in colloquial vs formal

When you ask 'what is this?' in formal Japanese, one would say: これは何ですか. Colloquially, as I hear it from Japanese friends: 何をこれ. (Am I missing a particle here?) So if you are comparing two things, ...
8
votes
2answers
579 views

Producing なる adjectives

I found this adjective from 7!!'s song 「ラヴァーズ」(Lovers): 無邪気なる Dictionary entries categorises 無邪気 as a noun and な-adjective. For reference, I shall extract parts from two different stanzas in ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Can an adjective modify a na-adjective?

I assumed not, but I saw 言い知れぬ甘美なもの Translated as "something inexpressibly sweet", as if 言い知れぬ modified 甘美な. Is it just a quirk of translation and both the adjective 言い知れぬ and 形容動詞 modify もの ...
0
votes
1answer
464 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese [closed]

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the ...
11
votes
1answer
105 views

Is there an order of adjectives in Japanese?

In English, if we have multiple adjectives modifying a noun, there is a preferred order for those adjectives, for example: nice long red car *nice red long car *long red nice car I was ...
4
votes
1answer
267 views

Past tense of 楽しそう?

In the situation where I see someone doing something and having fun I might say 楽しそう. For example, I might be standing next to a roller coaster looking at it thinking that this looks like fun. So I ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Are there more い adjectives or more だ adjectives?

Learning adjectives, I knew there are two major groups of adjectives い and だ. I am wondering, which group has more adjectives?
5
votes
2answers
361 views

-的 adjectives modifying nouns without な

Am I correct in thinking that these are ok without a na: 1) 印象的な事実 2) 印象的事実 3) 客観的な事実 4) 客観的事実 But these need a na?: 5) 明らかな事実 6) *?明らか事実 7) 簡単な事実 8) *?簡単事実 (From a quick ...
13
votes
1answer
389 views

How did やわらかい gain its い?

As we know, there is a class of adjectives that end in 〜らか: 滑【なめ】らか, 明【あき】らか, 清【きよ】らか, 安【やす】らか, etc. やわらか (柔らか or 軟らか) is also in this class of adjectives. However, it can also be written as the ...
3
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1answer
142 views

How are the adjectives conjugated to izenkei (うれしけれ, たのしけれ) used here?

I came across a "Mermaid's song" in a text: ものみな眠るさ夜なかに 水底を離るることぞうれしけれ。 水のおもてを頭もて、 波立て遊ぶぞたのしけれ。 澄める大気をふるわせて、 互に高く呼びかわし 緑なす濡れ髪うちふるい、 乾かし遊ぶぞたのしけれ! The bolded adjectives, ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Does つまらない mean to be boring and bored or just boring

If I wanted to say someone is bored would I be able to say メアリイさん は つまらない です or would this imply that the person is boring rather than bored?
32
votes
2answers
5k views

Why does Japanese have two kinds of adjectives? (-i adjectives and -na adjectives)

Japanese has two kinds of adjectives known by several terms but the ones I know are i-adjectives and na-adjectives - why? I recall that Japanese adjectives are much more like verbs than in English ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

Adjective negation: difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません

What's the difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません? Both are added to an i-adjective (イ形容詞, verb type adjective) to make it negative. For example: 寒くない 寒くありません But what's the difference? Is one more ...
4
votes
2answers
232 views

Passive vs Active form of verbs when used as adjectives

The passive/active verb preference question has been discussed before ( Passive vs. active form of verb (past) What is the difference? ), but I had a specific question. When a verb is used in the ...
19
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1answer
2k views

~うございます - keigo い-adjectives

I'm not sure if this is actual keigo, or just a polite form of adjectives. Anyway, there are several that we're all familiar with that are still used today. はやい → おはようございます ありがたい → ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

「~てます」 as an adjective

In an email, I came across 搭載されてます機能。。。 I understand how 「~ています」can get shortened to 「~てます」, but I thought this was informal (hence, contradicting the need for the 「~ます」 ending. Also, I found ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

大きじゃない vs 大きくない?

If I understand correctly, only 大きくない can be used? e.g., 猫は大きくない, not 猫は大きじゃない?
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Use of で for location with an adjective

I understand that で is used when referring to the place where an action is taking place. But what about the following sentence? 日本で車が速い。 Since there's no action taking place I would ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

How is the adjective 多い being used as a noun 多く here?

I know 多い means 'many' but I don't really understand how it's being used in the sentence below as a noun 多く. 多くの人々がすべてを失い、多くの人が亡くなった。 My best translation - 'Many peoples have lost everything ...
1
vote
2answers
235 views

Adjective conjugation of 小さい and 少ない in these sentences

I’ve come across some adjective conjugation that I don’t fully understand in two separate but related example sentences, and so my translations are definitely wonky. ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

「高くはある」と「高い」の違い

「この花瓶は高くはあるが、それだけの値打ちはある」 I was studying with the "Dictionary of Japanese Grammar" and the above sentence appeared. I am curious about the meaning of the locution in bold and the difference it has ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between -さ and -み suffixes to make a noun out of an adjective?

For example, both 悲しさ and 悲しみ are glossed as “sadness” in JMdict. What's the difference? According to A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, 〜み “is more emotive and concrete characterization of some ...