形容詞・形容動詞. Japanese doesn't technically have adjectives, but special types of nouns and verbs called na-adjectives and i-adjectives respectively have the same function.

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166 views

Past tense of 楽しそう?

In the situation where I see someone doing something and having fun I might say 楽しそう. For example, I might be standing next to a roller coaster looking at it thinking that this looks like fun. So I ...
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188 views

How is the adjective 多い being used as a noun 多く here?

I know 多い means 'many' but I don't really understand how it's being used in the sentence below as a noun 多く. 多くの人々がすべてを失い、多くの人が亡くなった。 My best translation - 'Many peoples have lost everything ...
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89 views

「高くはある」と「高い」の違い

「この花瓶は高くはあるが、それだけの値打ちはある」 I was studying with the "Dictionary of Japanese Grammar" and the above sentence appeared. I am curious about the meaning of the locution in bold and the difference it has ...
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302 views

What is the difference between 美しき and 麗しき?

What is the difference between 美しき and 麗しき and what is the difference between 美しい and 美しき? I know that both 美しい女性 and 美しき女性 are correct. But what is the difference between these two?
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304 views

"一生懸命な”のニュアンスを説明してもらえませんか。Nuances of 一生懸命な

一生懸命な彼に申し訳ない気がしました。そこで、私は一度彼と会って面と向かって断ろうと思ったのです。 'I felt I had to do something so I decided to meet him face to face and tell him I wasn't interested.' 一生懸命を副詞として使ったら 'eagerly, with utmost ...
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479 views

Difference between 「~がる」 and 「~そう」

 「~がる」と「~そう」の違いは何でしょうか。感覚的に同じではないことは分かりますが、説明はできません。どうも「~がる」形はもはや口語ではあまり使われないように感じます(「怖がる」「怖そう」などの完全に意味が変わる形容詞を除く。)。そういったレジスター(言語使用域)の違いも含めての回答を期待しています。もしこの質問がDuplicateであれば、元の質問を教えていただければ幸いです。
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267 views

why “速さ” instead of “遅さ”、etc

I am pretty sure that when native speakers talk about speed, they say "速さ", "広さ" for width, "大きさ" for size, etc. Am I correct about this? If I am, then: Why not say "遅さ" instead of "速さ", "狭さ" ...
3
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170 views

Can an adjective modify a na-adjective?

I assumed not, but I saw 言い知れぬ甘美なもの Translated as "something inexpressibly sweet", as if 言い知れぬ modified 甘美な. Is it just a quirk of translation and both the adjective 言い知れぬ and 形容動詞 modify もの ...
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260 views

形容詞 ending in /ei/ and /ii/

This page discusses the "adjective" べき and mentions that if it had evolved like other adjectives, it would have been べい. That made me think: Why are there no 形容詞 ending in /ei/ or /ii/ (except for ...
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2answers
302 views

Is 眠たい an adjective?

I was told 眠たい was an adjective, and that it is an exceptional case. How does it work as an adjective and what is its relation to the verb 眠る?
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168 views

「~てます」 as an adjective

In an email, I came across 搭載されてます機能。。。 I understand how 「~ています」can get shortened to 「~てます」, but I thought this was informal (hence, contradicting the need for the 「~ます」 ending. Also, I found ...
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369 views

かわいい meaning care for

I am learning from 日本語総まとめ which is great generally but I wonder about this example from N2 文法 (grammar): 子供がかわいいからこそ、しかるんです。 which translates to I scold my children because I care for them. ...
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82 views

Can I make a noun from a の adjective in general?

Today I wanted to say that a book was 'colloquial'. I went to my dictionary and found: colloquial adj. 口語の; Is it correct to just remove の and write: この本は口語です。 Or must this word always be used ...
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227 views

Nuance: Using the negated adjective versus using the opposite adjective

As far as I understand, the following two sentences functionally mean the same thing, "It's not easy" and "It's hard" やさしくないです。 むずかしいです。 My question is, do these statements have any subtle ...
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275 views

Can adjectives in Japanese “stack” like in English?

Are both sentences below grammatically correct, and are they both used equally in conversation? Stacked adjective: あそこの奇麗な面白い人は、誰? Non-stacked adjectives: あそこの奇麗で面白い人は、誰?
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400 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
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142 views

Why does そっくり(な?) take the な particle?

I was reading this page: http://helps.ameba.jp/faq/pigg/5301/post_362.html and I found そっくりな, however my dictionary says it's an adverbial noun... and I though those took の as their particle-Then ...
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53 views

Modifying individual nouns in の strings

I haven't seen any examples that make use of this, nor have I seen any evidence to the contrary, so I thought I'd ask about it. I know that の basically connects nouns and makes them all 1 noun that ...
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130 views

How are the adjectives conjugated to izenkei (うれしけれ, たのしけれ) used here?

I came across a "Mermaid's song" in a text: ものみな眠るさ夜なかに 水底を離るることぞうれしけれ。 水のおもてを頭もて、 波立て遊ぶぞたのしけれ。 澄める大気をふるわせて、 互に高く呼びかわし 緑なす濡れ髪うちふるい、 乾かし遊ぶぞたのしけれ! The bolded adjectives, ...
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94 views

Why is the が particle being used with these adjectives

I'm learning the use of なる with adjectives/nouns in my textbook. I was given two examples and in both the particle が was used. ex.1 にほんごのべんきょうがすきになりました。 I have grown fond of studying Japanese. ...
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2answers
552 views

General rules in negative adjectives in superpolite form

I have trouble trying to find this specific grammar in text books. I have a negative adjective in polite form: 寒くないです I want to use the superpolite form: 寒くないございます That seems right, but I have ...
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114 views

Combining a noun phrase with an adjective

How do you combine a noun phrase with an い-adjective? For example: red house: 赤い家 house [I] went to last week: 先週に行った家 red house [I] went to last week: 赤い先週に行った家? 赤く先週に行った家? ...
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2answers
294 views

adjective before adjective

As far as I know an adjective can be before noun(for ex. 美しい花) or before other adjective, but with て(for ex. 寂しくて眠れない夜). But in the following sentence「指定席みたいなコジンマリとした少年 」- this part is a bit of odd. ...
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227 views

Use of で for location with an adjective

I understand that で is used when referring to the place where an action is taking place. But what about the following sentence? 日本で車が速い。 Since there's no action taking place I would ...
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109 views

sentence patterns in colloquial vs formal

When you ask 'what is this?' in formal Japanese, one would say: これは何ですか. Colloquially, as I hear it from Japanese friends: 何をこれ. (Am I missing a particle here?) So if you are comparing two things, ...
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144 views

restrictions on what 大きな can modify

I was having a conversation with a friend of mine who is also learning Japanese, and she used 大きなめんどくさい as a phrase today, which seemed off to me to use 大きい as a modifier on an adjective. Can you use ...
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133 views

how does いと + 形容詞 work as a pattern?

The phrase "いと高き" occurs pretty frequently in the Japanese 新改訳 bible in the book of Daniel. Doing a little sleuthing I'm also seeing いと低き and 素晴らしき as somewhat similar constructions. I get that いと ...
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176 views

大きじゃない vs 大きくない?

If I understand correctly, only 大きくない can be used? e.g., 猫は大きくない, not 猫は大きじゃない?
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238 views

Usage and relation of に to 他

Tae Kim translates the following as: 他にいいものがたくさんあるけど、やっぱりこれにする。 There are a lot of other good things, but as I thought, I'll go with this one. Here is 他 a noun, adjective or an adverb? I would think ...
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81 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the ...
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244 views

Negative adjectives directly modifying a noun

If I use an adjective to directly modify a noun how exactly would I conjugate it into the negative form? For example これは おおきい やま です。 -> This mountain is large If I wanted to say "This mountain is ...
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143 views

Can 一緒 ever be used as an adjective?

According to this post, the に in 一緒に makes this an adverb. Which means that 一緒 is an adjective. But when can 一緒 ever be (or be used as) an adjective? 一緒人? (conjoined twins, a couple, best friends ...
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102 views

Conjugation of い adjectives - when do you conjugate them and difference between 新しい車 and 新車?

I'm studying Japanese at University (first year) and the only thing I can't get my head around so far is い adjectives. I understand how and what factors are needed to conjugate them, but do you only ...
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1answer
100 views

Are there more い adjectives or more だ adjectives?

Learning adjectives, I knew there are two major groups of adjectives い and だ. I am wondering, which group has more adjectives?
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173 views

Compound words with 漢字 and カタカナ? (例えば:新メニュー)

Today, a magazine about restaurants in my area arrived in my mailbox. It proudly proclaimed : 10月の新メニュー! I am quite curious as to the following points: How is this pronounced ? I would have ...
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180 views

Adjective negation: difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません

What's the difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません? Both are added to an i-adjective (イ形容詞, verb type adjective) to make it negative. For example: 寒くない 寒くありません But what's the difference? Is one more ...
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217 views

Adjective conjugation of 小さい and 少ない in these sentences

I’ve come across some adjective conjugation that I don’t fully understand in two separate but related example sentences, and so my translations are definitely wonky. ...
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203 views

A question about the usage of ため and spacing

上下のフロアを繋ぐ階段は各層にひとつのみ、その全てが怪物のうろつく危険な迷宮区画に存在するため発見も踏破も困難だが、一度誰かが突破して上層の都市に辿り着けばそこと下層の各都市の≪転移門≫が連結されるため誰もが自由に移動できるようになる。 There were 2 things I didn't get in this sentence (or maybe a paragraph...?): ...
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1answer
417 views

Size adjectives and prefixes

I know some size adjectives like 小さい (small), 大きい (big), and 並 (normal). Does anyone have a list of other size adjectives: something that could describe things ranging from micro things like Legos to ...
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1answer
123 views

Are 弱い相互作用 and 強い相互作用 unnatural?

In introductory physics books, when they introduce 弱い相互作用 "weak interaction" and 強い相互作用 "strong interaction", I almost always see a notification that these terms are supposed to be the name of the ...
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317 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese [closed]

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
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93 views

上手(じょうず)vs。上手い(うまい) [duplicate]

What is the difference between these two?