形容詞・形容動詞. Japanese doesn't technically have adjectives, but special types of nouns and verbs called na-adjectives and i-adjectives respectively have the same function.

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Applying ~すればするほど (and its variants) to various part of speech

Verbs 気にしなければ気にしないほど、息子がもっと煩くなる。The more I ignore him, the more noisy he is. Adjectives (i adjectives) 牛乳は入れた砂糖が多ければ多いほど、甘くなる。The more sugar you pour into the milk, the sweeter it becomes. ...
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69 views

Adjectives, onyomi/kunyomi

I've noticed that a lot of the na-adjectives I know (which admittedly is not that many) seem to be of Chinese origin and a lot of i-adjectives are kunyomi. Is there actually anything to this, ...
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1answer
62 views

“Less empty” and similar “double negatives”

In English, we can apply a negative adverb to a negative adjective to end up with a positive-pointing adjectival phrase - "less empty," "not small", "less mistaken", and so on. How would I say this in ...
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91 views

Adjectives and particles が に

Adjectives describe a noun which is marked by が. 僕は料理が得意。 Could it be rewritten as 僕には料理が得意。 Or is it wrong? Regarding adjectives, a sentence like this would be correct: ...
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Do I need to add “da” before “to iimashita”?

Not sure how to say "my mum said it was fun." Is this correct: watashi no okaasan wa, sore ga tanoshi to iimashita Or do I need to add "da"? As this is for speaking.
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3answers
146 views

Why is there a な in this sentence?

I am translating the following sentence I found in my workbook. 美味しそうな写真を見て、思わず[涎]{よだれ}が出た。 美味しい is an i-adjective, so why is there a な?
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180 views

What is the correct “healthy” adjective for healthy foods?

The situation is that I've expressed that I like Sushi, and then want to proceed and explain why that is, describing sushi as delicious and healthy. Something along the lines of: すしはおいしくてヘルシーですから。 ...
5
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2answers
98 views

Is it correct to say 複雑な波長?

My friend heard this in an anime. I can understand 複雑な波長パターン or something along these lines, but just 複雑な波長? Like, you wouldn't say "complex mass" or "complex speed", right? (unless maybe complex ...
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75 views

placement of the adjective/adverb いっぱい

In the sentence: 昨日いっぱい寝たから今日は元気いっぱいです。 I want to ask about the placement of いっぱい. I want to know if it is ok to say いっぱい元気, instead of the other way around? Is there a general rule to the ...
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1answer
2k views

How offensive is ぷっくりする?

I've read the definition of ぷっくりする in a dictionary, and it can basically describe someone who is chubby. As I have rarely seen this expression used, I'd like to know how (in)appropiate it is. Is ぷっくり ...
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2answers
97 views

面白かった Vs. 有名だった

So, I'm relatively new to Japanese and I'm learning. And I notice that some words are paired with かった or だった, even though they're both for referencing past. So, my question is: When is it appropriate ...
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615 views

What is the dictionary form of sukunai?

I've been learning adjective conjugations and I've understood that to conjugate an adjective into its negative form you drop the last syllable (~い syllable) and add くない. However, I've run into the ...
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2answers
141 views

Adjective-Noun vs Noun-が-Adjective

What is the difference between the two: 高{たか}い値段{ねだん}レストラン 値段{ねだん}が高{たか}いレストラン In other words, what is the difference between: adjective-noun noun-が-adjective Another ...
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1answer
64 views

How to conjugate multiple adjectives using て-form with conflicting tenses?

I know how to say something when both adjectives are the same tense, such as: あの 人 は かわいくて ちいさい です。 That person is cute and small. However, how would you say something like, "That person is cute ...
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67 views

Adding く to な-adjectives?

I was playing Fire Emblem If (暗夜) yesterday and came across a construction I did not know beforehand, な-adjectives apparently turned into adverbs using く. お前{まえ}のことは、父上{ちちうえ}に上手{じょうず}く言っておこう I ...
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ない in つまらない and similar adjectives and their conjugation with すぎる

The usual path for conjugation would be: 高い → 高すぎる  (drop い, append すぎる) ない → なさすぎる (drop い, append さ, append すぎる) Is ない in つまらない treated as the negative ない which conjugates as 2.? Or is つまらない a ...
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1answer
116 views

Conjugation of い adjectives - when do you conjugate them and difference between 新しい車 and 新車?

I'm studying Japanese at University (first year) and the only thing I can't get my head around so far is い adjectives. I understand how and what factors are needed to conjugate them, but do you only ...
5
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1answer
100 views

Comma between adjectives?

Is it okay to separate adjectives with a comma? Since my sentence has three adjectives, I added them just like how we would in English to separate a list containing three or more items (no comma if ...
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1answer
100 views

Why is the が particle being used with these adjectives

I'm learning the use of なる with adjectives/nouns in my textbook. I was given two examples and in both the particle が was used. ex.1 にほんごのべんきょうがすきになりました。 I have grown fond of studying Japanese. ...
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126 views

Is た形 required when using 自動詞 as an adjective?

From the grammar book I learned that when 自動詞 is being used as an adjective, it should change its form to the た形, for example: 優れ{すぐれ}た学生 拗れ{こじれ}た話し But can I say 優れる学生 or 拗れる話し? Why?
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Using 嫌い and 嫌う

In elementary Japanese, you are taught to say you dislike something with が嫌いです. For example: 国の状態が嫌いです。 I've also seen 嫌う used to express dislike, like: 昨日を嫌った。 Are they both ...
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Can I make a noun from a の adjective in general?

Today I wanted to say that a book was 'colloquial'. I went to my dictionary and found: colloquial adj. 口語の; Is it correct to just remove の and write: この本は口語です。 Or must this word always be used ...
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56 views

Modifying individual nouns in の strings

I haven't seen any examples that make use of this, nor have I seen any evidence to the contrary, so I thought I'd ask about it. I know that の basically connects nouns and makes them all 1 noun that ...
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106 views

Help on Adjective Conjugation

Just done with my adjective lessons and have a question on the same. The question may be too silly, but its a road block to my thought process so need some advice. I have learned in basic lessons ...
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3answers
121 views

Expression for a bad photograph

What are the most common (informal) expressions for a badly taken photo? My first guess was 悪い写真, but searching for that in google finds only scary pictures, so I don't think that it's what I'm ...
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2answers
111 views

sentence patterns in colloquial vs formal

When you ask 'what is this?' in formal Japanese, one would say: これは何ですか. Colloquially, as I hear it from Japanese friends: 何をこれ. (Am I missing a particle here?) So if you are comparing two things, ...
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1answer
84 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the ...
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“仕事は大変だけど元気だよー” Missing adjective or is it correct?

I would imagine that my friend is trying to say "My work is very difficult, but other than that I'm fine!", But for me it feels like it's missing an adjective like 難しい. 仕事は大変だけど元気だよー I imagine ...
11
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1answer
124 views

Is there an order of adjectives in Japanese?

In English, if we have multiple adjectives modifying a noun, there is a preferred order for those adjectives, for example: nice long red car *nice red long car *long red nice car I was ...
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365 views

Past tense of 楽しそう?

In the situation where I see someone doing something and having fun I might say 楽しそう. For example, I might be standing next to a roller coaster looking at it thinking that this looks like fun. So I ...
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105 views

Are there more い adjectives or more だ adjectives?

Learning adjectives, I knew there are two major groups of adjectives い and だ. I am wondering, which group has more adjectives?
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1answer
146 views

How are the adjectives conjugated to izenkei (うれしけれ, たのしけれ) used here?

I came across a "Mermaid's song" in a text: ものみな眠るさ夜なかに 水底を離るることぞうれしけれ。 水のおもてを頭もて、 波立て遊ぶぞたのしけれ。 澄める大気をふるわせて、 互に高く呼びかわし 緑なす濡れ髪うちふるい、 乾かし遊ぶぞたのしけれ! The bolded adjectives, うれし(い)、たのし(い)...
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162 views

Does つまらない mean to be boring and bored or just boring

If I wanted to say someone is bored would I be able to say メアリイさん は つまらない です or would this imply that the person is boring rather than bored?
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170 views

Can an adjective modify a na-adjective?

I assumed not, but I saw 言い知れぬ甘美なもの Translated as "something inexpressibly sweet", as if 言い知れぬ modified 甘美な. Is it just a quirk of translation and both the adjective 言い知れぬ and 形容動詞 modify もの (...
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551 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese [closed]

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
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664 views

Connecting adjectives in a sentence

If I were to say "Mr. Li is cheerful, healthy, and interesting." It would be リさんはあかるくて、げんきで、おもしろいです。 What I don't understand is how to connect negative adjectives, like if I want to say "Mr. Li is ...
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1answer
209 views

Adjective negation: difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません

What's the difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません? Both are added to an i-adjective (イ形容詞, verb type adjective) to make it negative. For example: 寒くない 寒くありません But what's the difference? Is one more ...
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239 views

Passive vs Active form of verbs when used as adjectives

The passive/active verb preference question has been discussed before ( Passive vs. active form of verb (past) What is the difference? ), but I had a specific question. When a verb is used in the ...
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172 views

「~てます」 as an adjective

In an email, I came across 搭載されてます機能。。。 I understand how 「~ています」can get shortened to 「~てます」, but I thought this was informal (hence, contradicting the need for the 「~ます」 ending. Also, I found ...
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216 views

大きじゃない vs 大きくない?

If I understand correctly, only 大きくない can be used? e.g., 猫は大きくない, not 猫は大きじゃない?
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238 views

Use of で for location with an adjective

I understand that で is used when referring to the place where an action is taking place. But what about the following sentence? 日本で車が速い。 Since there's no action taking place I would ...
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Adjective conjugation of 小さい and 少ない in these sentences

I’ve come across some adjective conjugation that I don’t fully understand in two separate but related example sentences, and so my translations are definitely wonky. 飲んでいるでしょう。その証拠に、...
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1answer
206 views

How is the adjective 多い being used as a noun 多く here?

I know 多い means 'many' but I don't really understand how it's being used in the sentence below as a noun 多く. 多くの人々がすべてを失い、多くの人が亡くなった。 My best translation - 'Many peoples have lost everything ...
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-的 adjectives modifying nouns without な

Am I correct in thinking that these are ok without a na: 1) 印象的な事実 2) 印象的事実 3) 客観的な事実 4) 客観的事実 But these need a na?: 5) 明らかな事実 6) *?明らか事実 7) 簡単な事実 8) *?簡単事実 (From a quick ...
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1answer
97 views

「高くはある」と「高い」の違い

「この花瓶は高くはあるが、それだけの値打ちはある」 I was studying with the "Dictionary of Japanese Grammar" and the above sentence appeared. I am curious about the meaning of the locution in bold and the difference it has ...
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182 views

Compound words with 漢字 and カタカナ? (例えば:新メニュー)

Today, a magazine about restaurants in my area arrived in my mailbox. It proudly proclaimed : 10月の新メニュー! I am quite curious as to the following points: How is this pronounced ? I would have ...
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1answer
121 views

Combining a noun phrase with an adjective

How do you combine a noun phrase with an い-adjective? For example: red house: 赤い家 house [I] went to last week: 先週に行った家 red house [I] went to last week: 赤い先週に行った家? 赤く先週に行った家? ...
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4answers
6k views

Use of Amari when an adjective is in the negative

I am following a book called "Teach Yourself Japanese", right now I am on using adjectives. In there, there is an example: Igirisu no jamu wa totemo oishii desu. Which I can understand in terms ...
2
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1answer
146 views

restrictions on what 大きな can modify

I was having a conversation with a friend of mine who is also learning Japanese, and she used 大きなめんどくさい as a phrase today, which seemed off to me to use 大きい as a modifier on an adjective. Can you use ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Difference between 特別 and 特

Everywhere I look, they both just seem to be defined as "special" or "particularly/especially" (in the adverbial case). I'm trying to form a distinction in my head. Here's an example from my ...