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How I understand it, ~べく, meaning "for the purpose of..." / "In order to....", is the conjunctive form of ~べき, which indicates something that should be done.

  • たくさん本を読む べき (you should read many books)

  • エンジニアになる べく 一生懸命勉強した (I studied hard in order to become an engineer)

In the following example sentence, is the べくして related grammatically or semantically to ~べき or ~べく?

起こる べくして 起こった事故だった。 It was an accident waiting to happen.

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

Rikaichan writes べくして as 可くして and translates it as

(uk) as it is bound to (happen)/following the natural course

(uk) though possible as it may be

which is derived from べく / ~べき, which are written as 可く / ~可き, respectively.

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