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The following was observed in sawa's answer to "Can ごとに be replaced by それぞれ in this question?":

 ◯ 正月はそれぞれの家が門松を立てる。

 × 木村さんはそれぞれの会う人に挨拶している。

 ◯ 木村さんは会う人それぞれに挨拶している。

それぞれの会う人 is said to be an ungrammatical construction because it is modified from outside of the relative clause. What are the rules for modifying noun-phrases?

I had perceived それぞれの会う人 as a XのY construction i.e. I perceived 会う人 as a noun-equivalent. Does this imply that a relative clause construction cannot act in all ways that a noun can?

Also, are the following constructions valid?

  • [な-adjective] + [noun-phrase from relative clause construction]

  • [い-adjective] + [noun-phrase from relative clause construction]

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I just got a sentence from a dictionary: おのおのの持てる力を出し合う. I'm think the infelicity of your sentence is more about the usage of different forms of a word. e.g. それぞれの[名詞]は~・[名詞]それぞれは~・[名詞]はそれぞれ・[名詞]はそれぞれに, [名詞]はそれぞれの[名詞]~を, etc. I found many adverbs are really tricky. –  Yang Muye Mar 21 at 10:00
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1 Answer

A relative clause construction cannot act in all ways that a noun can. Adjectival modification, genitive noun phrase, and relative clause are all different things, and behave differently syntactically.

Assuming that a relative clause attaches to a noun phrase and creates a noun phrase, whose categorical status is the same, is correct.

The problem is with adjectival modification and genitive phrases. There is a need to distinguish between a noun and a noun phrase for them.

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That answer is not really an answer... It didn't tell me anything that your question above didn't already say. –  dotnetN00b Jun 28 '12 at 23:06
@dotnetN00b. I know, I'm still looking for information. This answer was formed by noting down some points in a comment discussion with sawa that was deleted. I didn't want to forget some key ideas that sawa said so I put it down here first in order to have a general direction of what I should be looking out for to supply a complete answer. –  Flaw Jun 29 '12 at 2:45
Ah. I see. Carry on then :) –  dotnetN00b Jun 29 '12 at 2:52
@Flaw how is it going? Clauses kill me when reading. Does "adjectival modification" and "genitive" carry enough meaning to distinguish between a concept like 正月 and a human actor like 木村さん. –  medmal Jul 20 '12 at 7:01
@medmal There is no adjectival modification nor genitive relation expressed in the Xは part of the sentence. What is being compared is それぞれの+家/会う人. –  Flaw Jul 20 '12 at 7:20
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