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I'm lacking a range of vocabulary that allows me to express different kinds of pain. And since I'm on this theme I might as well included injuries in this question. It seems that everything can be contained in 痛み and きず but I would like to be more specific.

I shall list down the different types of injury and its corresponding pain (Not the instantaneous pain felt at the moment of injury, but the pain that persists afterwards) that I think deserve a different description because they just feel too different from each other:

  1. Bruise; aching, tender(pain upon pressure)

  2. Cut/Gash; sharp pain, prickly sensation

  3. Abrasion; tingling/prickly sensation

  4. Muscle strain; dull and sore aching (Like after rigorous exercise the muscle feels sore)

  5. (For various injuries); Throbbing pain

What are their Japanese counterparts?

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Bruise; aching, tender(pain upon pressure) → あざ、打撲傷【だぼくしょう】、血豆【ちまめ】(?)

Cut/Gash; sharp pain, prickly sensation → 切【き】り傷【きず】(cut, gash), {ひりひり・ぴりぴり}{する・痛む} (to sting, prickle, burn -- either a wound, or can be used to describe the feeling of eating hot/spicy foods)

Abrasion; tingling/prickly sensation → 擦【す】り傷【きず】

Muscle strain; dull and sore aching (Like after rigorous exercise the muscle feels sore) → 筋肉痛【きんにくつう】

(For various injuries); Throbbing pain → ずきずき{する・痛む}

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痛み refers to the sensation of pain, while きず the trace or mark left behind by the pain inflicted.

The visible cut/gash is きず. Abrasion is 擦り傷{すりきず}. But they don't refer to the pain.

For most sores or muscle aches, there are various words ending with 痛{つう}, e.g. the generic muscle sore is 筋肉痛{きんにくつう}.

When used metaphorically, 痛み still refers to the pain felt, and 傷{きず} the metaphorical 'cut'.

彼との{ }死別{しべつ}でできた心の傷がまだ{ }治{なお}っていない

The wound in the heart from the time when seperated from him by his death has not yet healed.

For the throbbing sensation, there are many words for it: 苦痛{くつう}, 激痛{げきつう}, 疼痛{とうつう}. I think 疼痛 fits the description, but I hardly see it in use; instead, the pain is described in some other way.

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