Japanese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Japanese language. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top


Is this げ a simple way to turn adjectives and nouns into adverbs? (are the first two examples nouns turned into adverbs, or were they adjectives as well to begin with?)

share|improve this question
up vote 8 down vote accepted

~げ, although usually written with hiragana, can also be written as ~気, and means something like "have an air of...". These can be used as na-adjectives:

自慢げな態度 an attitude with an air of boastfulness
得意げに話す speak with an air of (over-)confidence
悲しげな顔 a face with an air of sadness

Some can also be used as nouns, but beware, not all of the ones that can be used as na-adjectives are used as nouns. The nouns are most commonly used with ない (but other uses also occur).

大人{おとな}げ(が)ない immature (no air of matureness)
かわいげ(が)ない impertinent (lit. no air of cuteness)

share|improve this answer

自慢 is a suru-noun, 得意 is an adjectival-noun (na-adjective), and 誇らし is the root of an i-adjective. I think turns them all into adjectival-nouns. A clear diagnostics is that you can create the attributive form with .


share|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.