Take the 2-minute tour ×
Japanese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Japanese language. It's 100% free, no registration required.

What nuance does "ことなく" have?

If we compare the following two sentences:

(For example, at a footrace:)

最後まで、あきらめないで走ります!
vs
最後まで、あきらめることなく、走ります!

Is ことなく stronger than simply saying ないで? Does ことなく show will and volition more than the ないで version?

share|improve this question

2 Answers 2

up vote 6 down vote accepted

I think both conveys the same meaning. ことなく is though a bit more formal. For example, you'd be a bit surprised if a 10 year old would say ことなく, whereas ないで would be very common.

However, ことなく can be used in colloquial usage, especially if you are using 敬語. Even when you are talking in non 敬語, you can still use it.

To summarize, ことなく is a tiny bit more formal than ないで.

share|improve this answer

They mean the same thing, but my book says that ことなく shouldn't be used for "everyday/habitual actions". Ex.

× うっかりして、切手をはることなくポストに入れてしまった。
○ うっかりして、切手をはらないでポストに入れてしまった。

share|improve this answer

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.