What are the essential Japanese counter words?
For example -dai for machines, -mai for papers and stuff like that.
- What else to expect/know?
It's difficult to tell what is being asked here. This question is ambiguous, vague, incomplete, overly broad, or rhetorical and cannot be reasonably answered in its current form. For help clarifying this question so that it can be reopened, visit the help center.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.
The article at Wikipedia covers the common ones as well as a decent number of extended ones, and lists the exceptions for days, people, etc. as well as rendaku and number word changes (e.g. 300->san*bya*ku, 4:00-> *yo*ji).
There are entire dictionaries for this (数え方の辞典). Here's a link to a whole bunch. 個 (ko) is the most commonly used one. Japanese people use it often even with words that should have a special counter if it's a less-often used one. It can sometimes be annoying even for them to think of the proper 数詞! Here are most common ones I can think of:
Etc. The list goes on. I happened to live near a harbor so the last one was useful for me (though it was still often substituted with 個!). You can just learn the few most common ones and use 個 for everything else, learning the less common ones as you go.
|show 5 more comments|