I sometimes find that when Japanese answer my questions, their answers are too vague. For instance, I asked what つなぎ is in a given context. A Japanese person told me it is 作業着の種類, "a type of work clothes." That's still too vague for me. Is it a kind of cloth? What are the other types? What can I say to get more clarification to get a better explanation of what exactly つなぎ is?
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Which means something like "Hum… more precisely? I am not sure I understand with such a concise explanation". This is quite oral, as you may guess.
The best way to get clarification is to ask a question that illustrates what exactly you're confused about. You've already asked these in English:
If you just ask "could you clarify?", your conversation partner is tasked with guessing what you could possibly be confused about, since they probably don't think that they said anything vague.