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Can anyone explain these or how you interpret the ta form of the verb in these usages. Thanks.

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It would have been much better if you had shown us what you have been able to find out. – l'électeur Aug 7 '14 at 12:56

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

"(Verb phrase A in た- form) + ように + (Verb phrase B)" means: "(Someone) does/did/will B as if he did A (or A happened)"

少し[拗]{す}ねたように[頬]{ほほ}を[膨]{ふくら}らませる = "(Someone) puffs out his cheeks as if he got sulky"

[諦]{あきら}めたように小さく[頷]{うなず}いた = "(Someone) nodded lightly as if he gave up"

[思]{おも}い[切]{き}ったように口を[開]{ひら}いた = "(Someone) spoke out as if he got up courage"

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