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I've been wondering how to say 'I spent the past [time frame] [insert action]'. For example, "I spent the past hour studying Japanese". Would it be translated to something like...

日本語の勉強は最近の一時間が全かかりました

...or would it be something like...

日本語の勉強はついさっきの一時間が全かかりました。

OR! Would the sentence structure be completely different?

I'm sorry if this has already been asked before, but I can't seem to find anything concerning this type of phrasing.

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2 Answers 2

By far the most common way of expressing that would be to use 「この」 as in 「この1時間」、「この1ヶ月(間)」、「この1年(間)」, etc.

Some natural ways to say "I spent the past hour studying Japanese." for us native speakers are:

 「日本語の勉強にこの1時間をかけました。」

 「この1時間を日本語の勉強に[充]{あ}てました。」

 「この1時間をかけて日本語を勉強しました。」

 「この1時間をかけて日本語の勉強をしました。」

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How about ここ in this case?

「ここ一時間ぐらいずっと勉強してた。」
「ここ数日ずっと忙しかった。」
「ここ2週間海外にいた。」
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