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Out of all sentence ending particles, I cannot really pinpoint what や means. I don't meet it often (or maybe I don't have enough experience or exposure) and in situations which don't really explain themselves. Also, is it a real particle anyway?

Some examples I recently found (from books):



I hope those examples make sense without the context. I know that those kind of particles are hard to explain but any explanation is welcome.

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up vote 10 down vote accepted

We are actually discussing TWO different kinds of 「や」 here, which is probably why you are more confused than you should be.

In 「くつろいでくれや」, the 「や」 is a colloquial sentence-ending particle for 1) imperative, 2) invitation and 3) request. You are saying "(Please) make yourself at home."

In 「それが実はアイロンではないからや」, the 「や」 is a dialectal sentence-ender mostly for Kansai. It expresses affirmation and it is the equivalent of 「だ」 in Standard Japanese. "That is because it really is not an iron."

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That actually starts to make sense. Especially as the character saying the second sentence is from Kansai :) – Szymon Apr 7 '14 at 11:27
@Tokyo Nagoya: For the first や are you saying all three apply in this case? Also is this used in Kanto? – Tim Apr 7 '14 at 14:27
@Tim Without further context, it is difficult to say which one of the three really applies here, but it would look to me like it was invitation. And yes, it is used in Kanto but not by everyone. Women would not use it and among men, it would usually be older men. I do not mean to confuse you but the first や is used in Kansai as well. – l'électeur Apr 8 '14 at 2:05
@TokyoNagoya: Understood. Thank you. – Tim Apr 8 '14 at 4:23
@TokyoNagoya Are there any other meanings/types of the sentence-ending や or just those 2 you listed in your answer? – Szymon Apr 8 '14 at 11:35

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