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I understand the basics of the "suffering passive". For example, it's my understanding that in a sentence like 友達にビールを飲まれた, "tomodachi ni" marks the person who drank your beer.


Who does ぼく refer to and what is the role of ぼくに in this sentence?


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Can I add a bonus question?: Is it possible to understand the function of も in this sentence? (emphasis or "also", but we do not have context to know what the ”also-も” is referring to? –  Tim Feb 1 at 2:50

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

In [僕]{ぼく}に[文句]{もんく}言われても[困]{こま}る, 僕に doesn't mark the person who does 文句言う, but the indirect object of 言う; 僕に文句(を)言う = (you) complain to me. It's saying "I will 困る if you 文句を言う to me."

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Good explanation. –  istrasci Jan 31 at 15:52

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