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How does one say "this is like/similar to that" or "this is not like that" in Japanese in essence? An example sentence is

"In this way, the English are like the Japanese"

; I have not been able to find any materials detailing this (but a whole lot on how to say something is better/worse, which is not helpful!).

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up vote 14 down vote accepted

There are a few simple ways to express this.

「~~と(or に)+ [似]{に}ている」 = "similar to ~~"
「~~の + よう + です/だ/である」 = "like ~~"
「~~みたい + です/だ/である」 = "just like ~~"

To use a slightly bigger word, one could say:

「~~と + [同様]{どうよう} + です/だ/である」 = "(very) similar to ~~"

For the negative forms of the phrases above, make the following changes:

似ている ⇒ 似ていない
です/だ/である ⇒ ではない/ではありません

Thus, "In this way, the English are like the Japanese" can be said as:

「この[点]{てん}では、イギリス人は日本人みたいである。(or 日本人と同様である)」

Finally, if I am allowed to introduce a colloquial word that we use VERY often, I will mention 「そっくり」. It means "just like" and you can say something like:

「その点では、イギリス人は日本人に(or と)そっくりです。」 or

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Wow! Thank you for this! I really wasn't able to find it either online or from textbooks, so many thanks for this thorough answer! – miikaelf Jan 19 '14 at 0:20
Would you consider ごとく on the same level as these? – ssb Jan 24 '14 at 9:18

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