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I'm not sure if I'm just imagining things or if I remembered things wrong,

but is there some kind of colloquial dialect where sentences end in "-jai?"

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You are not imagining things. (The tougher) Kansai male speakers do say 「~~~じゃい!」 in colloquial speech. Only the 「い」part is a particle -- an emphatic sentence or phrase ender. And じゃ = だ.

The Standard counterpart would be だよ or だい.

The Kanto countepart would be だい or でぇ.

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Am I wrong in thinking that だい in Tokyo is primarily used in questions? – Sjiveru Jan 3 '14 at 0:46
No, you are not wrong. It is also used for strong assertion. – l'électeur Jan 3 '14 at 0:54
Have never heard じゃい in Kansai. Although in all my time, I only heard おおきに by an お婆ちゃん exactly once. – istrasci Jan 3 '14 at 3:16

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