Take the 2-minute tour ×
Japanese Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Japanese language. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I'm a beginner and I would like to know how あまり is used.

share|improve this question
2  
Welcome to JL&U. This question is really vague, so please refine it to something more specific. For example, you might explain why it is confusing to you, and how you have tried to use it. –  istrasci Jul 19 '13 at 23:22
    
Thank you :) . I know the meaning but I don't know how to use it in a sentence . –  Pikines Jul 19 '13 at 23:27
    
Here are some free resources online with example sentences of various quality: ALC - Progressive J-E - Tanaka Corpus –  snailboat Jul 19 '13 at 23:43
add comment

1 Answer

up vote 4 down vote accepted

This won't be all the uses of あまり but it should give you some idea how it is used :)

As a noun:
It can be used simply as a noun meaning "the rest"; "the remainder".

給料の余りで本を買った
He bought books with what was left of his pay.
食事の余りは捨てた
The remains of the meal were thrown away.

It can also be used as a grammar point ~(の)あまり(に)~ showing the result of having too strong an emotion. It connects to nouns with or just comes straight after verbs.

あの時はショックのあまり何もできなかったんです。
I was too shocked to do anything at that time.
うれしさのあまり彼女は踊りだした
She was so happy that she danced for joy.
将来を心配するあまり現在のことがおろそかになる
worry so much about the future that you neglect the present

As a na-adjective:
Expresses that something is extreme; too much; beyond expectations

あまりに多くの間違いをする
make too many mistakes
あまりにきれいで食べるのがもったいないように見える
look too good to eat

As an adverb:
Comes before the verb as an adverb expressing that somebody is doing something too much, more than they should.

あまり勉強するとからだを壊すよ
If you study too much you'll ruin your health

With a negative, expresses "not very much". This usage in particular is very common and often becomes あんまり or あんま in casual speech.

あまりよくない
Not very good
あまり可愛くない
Not so cute
あまり食べない
Don't eat very much

As a suffix:
Comes after a counter to express that something is more than the amount

百名余りの従業員
More than 100 employees
5年余り前に
More than five years ago

Example sentences and information from:
http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/
http://eow.alc.co.jp/

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.