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What's the meaning of ぜ at the end of sentence? Is ぜ a particle?

What's the difference between:




I found a couple of explanations on the web but none I could fully comprehend.

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Do you understand 逃げるよ? –  Earthliŋ Jun 6 '13 at 19:51
「逃げるぞ」にも似てますよね。 –  Choko Jun 6 '13 at 19:59
Related: japanese.stackexchange.com/q/617/1478 –  snailboat Jun 6 '13 at 20:24
@snailboat I don't think it's a duplicate, because there is a difference between ぜ and ぞ, which is not mentioned in the question, or any of the answers. (In principle, it would be possible to merge the question, I guess.) –  Earthliŋ Jun 6 '13 at 20:34
@Earthling Well, I edited my original comment to say "Related" instead of "Related (possible duplicate?)" :-) –  snailboat Jun 6 '13 at 20:46

1 Answer 1

up vote 5 down vote accepted

ぜ and ぞ are sentence-final particles used (primarily) by male speakers which are more colloquial versions of the particle よ.

In order of decreasing politeness, they are


The addition of よ・ぞ・ぜ give the statement an assertive feel, maybe like an exclamation mark or adding something like "hey!" (although that's already represented in the sentence by おい).

Speaking of which, おい is also a very colloquial way of getting someone's attention, which fits well with the use of ぜ over よ.

This question also has an explanation for ぞ, which carries over to ぜ as well.

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I know よ but never met ぞ・ぜ before. Now everything seem to be clear. Many thanks for answer. –  JohnDoe Jun 8 '13 at 10:13
Note: while this is technically 'standard Japanese' it does not translate to many regions of Japan (namely Kansai). –  jmac Jun 18 '13 at 0:32

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